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Whigs


222 People in sitter grouping:

The history of the Whigs in British politics is long and varied, starting with their emergence as a political faction in 1678. The term itself was first used in British politics during the 1678-1681 Exclusion Bill crises, where a strong party came forward to dispute the crowning of Roman Catholic king, James II. Although often separated into many different group affiliations such as Bedfordites, Rockingham Whigs, and Chathamites, named after their various leaders, the Whigs were united by their representative colours of orange, blue and buff and their key policies. These included a firm opposition to absolute rule, particularly by a Roman Catholic (which they saw as a threat to religious freedom and civil liberties and a threat to protectionist foreign trade laws). As their popularity rose and fell with the changing royal powers, the Whigs evolved to suit the times, using some of their strongest leaders, such as Robert Walpole, to maintain their particular breed of anti-Tory political control. It was, however, one of their most well known off-shoots, the Junto Whigs, whose radical views led to a split, and an eventual merge of the Junto Whigs with the Conservative party in the 1680s. The reign of George I saw Whig supremacy in parliament, as the Tory Jacobites were expelled from parliament. George III's accession saw a joining of disputed factions to form the 'Old' and 'New' Whigs, under Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and Lord Chatham respectively. Opposition to Prime Minister William Pitt lost the Whigs seats during the 1790s, but they had a lasting impact in the implementation of parliamentary reform acts regarding slavery and the Poor Laws in the 1830s. The Whigs were formally merged into a new coalition liberal party with the Peelites in 1859, and their final dissolution came in 1868.

Frederick Paget

Frederick Paget

1807-1866
Soldier and politician; MP for Beaumaris
Sitter in 1 portrait
Samuel Parr

Samuel Parr

1747-1825
Pedagogue and Whig pamphleteer
Sitter in 18 portraits
Henry Pelham

Henry Pelham

1695?-1754
Prime Minister
Sitter in 6 portraits
Louis Hayes Petit

Louis Hayes Petit

1774-1849
Barrister and politician; MP for Ripon
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir George Philips, 1st Bt

Sir George Philips, 1st Bt

1766-1847
Politician; MP for Wootton Bassett and Warwickshire South
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Philpotts

John Philpotts

1775-1849
Mayor of Gloucester and Whig politician; MP for Gloucester
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Pinney

William Pinney

1806-1898
Politician; MP for Lyme Regis
Sitter in 2 portraits
Philip Pleydell-Bouverie

Philip Pleydell-Bouverie

1788-1872
Banker and politician; MP for Cockermouth, Downton and Berkshire
Sitter associated with 1 portrait
William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland

William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland

1738-1809
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 32 portraits
William Stephen Poyntz

William Stephen Poyntz

circa 1769-1840
Politician; MP for St Albans, Chichester and Ashburton
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Charles Ramsden

John Charles Ramsden

1788-1836
Politician; MP for Malton and Yorkshire
Sitter in 1 portrait
Richard Rigby

Richard Rigby

1722-1788
Politician; MP for several constituencies
Sitter in 1 portrait
Cuthbert Rippon

Cuthbert Rippon

1797-1867
Politician; MP for Gateshead
Sitter in 1 portrait
George Richard Robinson

George Richard Robinson

1781-1850
Politician; MP for Worcester
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Samuel Romilly

Sir Samuel Romilly

1757-1818
Solicitor-General and law reformer
Sitter in 8 portraits
Henry Robert Westenra, 3rd Baron Rossmore

Henry Robert Westenra, 3rd Baron Rossmore

1792-1860
Politician; MP for Monaghan
Sitter in 1 portrait
Lord Charles James Fox Russell

Lord Charles James Fox Russell

1807-1894
Soldier and politician; MP for Bedfordshire
Sitter in 4 portraits
William Congreve Russell

William Congreve Russell

1778-1850
Politician; MP for Worcestershire East
Sitter in 1 portrait

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