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The Great War: Conscientious Objectors


39 People in group

1916 brought the introduction of conscription with the Military Service Act, and objection became a formal stance, with thousands of men's fates decided by the Military Service Tribunal. Most were put to war work on non combatant duties at aid posts, or driving field ambulances, but many where imprisoned for total refusal to take any part in any wartime activity. Garsington Manor became home to Phillip and Lady Ottoline Morrell in 1914, and from 1916 they invited their friends, many of whom where conscientious objectors, including several members of the Bloomsbury Set to spend the war years working on the home farm to avoid prosecution.

Lady Ottoline Morrell

Lady Ottoline Morrell

1873-1938
Patron of the arts; half-sister of 6th Duke of Portland; wife of Philip Edward Morrell
Sitter associated with 596 portraits | Artist associated with 1715 portraits
Philip Edward Morrell

Philip Edward Morrell

1870-1943
Politician; husband of Lady Ottoline Morrell
Sitter associated with 191 portraits | Artist associated with 340 portraits
(John Turner) Walton Newbold

(John Turner) Walton Newbold

1888-1943
Communist politician and member of the Fabian Society
Sitter in 3 portraits
Max Newman

Max Newman

1897-1984
Mathematician and codebreaker
Sitter in 1 portrait
Philip John Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker

Philip John Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker

1889-1982
Academic, diplomat, middle distance runner; Olympian and Labour politician; MP for Coventry, Derby and Derby South
Sitter in 22 portraits
Arnold Stephenson Rowntree

Arnold Stephenson Rowntree

1872-1951
Politician and director of Rowntree and Co
Sitter in 1 portrait
Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell

1872-1970
Philosopher, mathematician and social reformer
Sitter in 119 portraits
Michael Joseph Savage

Michael Joseph Savage

1872-1940
Prime Minister of New Zealand and trade unionist
Sitter in 13 portraits
Fredegond Shove (née Maitland)

Fredegond Shove (née Maitland)

1889-1949
Poet
Sitter in 7 portraits
Gerald Frank Shove

Gerald Frank Shove

1887-1947
Economist
Sitter in 9 portraits
Ethel Snowden (née Annakin), Viscountess Snowden

Ethel Snowden (née Annakin), Viscountess Snowden

1881-1951
Socialist, suffragist and peace campaigner; wife of Philip Snowden, Viscount Snowden; daughter of Richard Annakin
Sitter in 10 portraits
Adrian Stephen

Adrian Stephen

1883-1948
Psychoanalyst; son of Sir Leslie Stephen
Sitter associated with 7 portraits
Karin Stephen

Karin Stephen

1889-1953
Psychoanalyst and psychologist
Sitter in 30 portraits
Alix Strachey

Alix Strachey

1892-1973
Psychologist and translator; wife of James Strachey
Sitter in 32 portraits | Artist associated with 10 portraits
James Beaumont Strachey

James Beaumont Strachey

1887-1967
Psychoanalyst and translator
Sitter in 44 portraits | Artist associated with 5 portraits
Lytton Strachey

Lytton Strachey

1880-1932
Critic and biographer; son of Sir Richard Strachey
Sitter in 143 portraits | Artist associated with 5 portraits
Ray Strachey

Ray Strachey

1887-1940
Feminist activist, artist and writer
Sitter in 64 portraits | Artist associated with 99 portraits
George Tomlinson

George Tomlinson

1890-1952
Politician; Minister of Works and Education
Sitter in 5 portraits
John Howard Whitehouse

John Howard Whitehouse

1873-1955
Founder and Headmaster of Bembridge School
Sitter in 5 portraits

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