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Suffragettes and Suffragists


94 People in sitter grouping:

The women's suffrage movement grew out of a demand for women to be part of the electoral process and have the same rights to vote as men. The National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies was founded by Millicent Garrett Fawcett in 1897. This national, suffragist organization, promoted peaceful protest and allowed men to join. In 1903, Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters Christabel and Sylvia founded the Women's Social and Political Union. Taking a more militant approach, the suffragettes demonstrated and were often arrested, where the tactic of hunger strike was often employed. This led to the 'Cat and Mouse Act', when officials could wait until prisoners had nearly died from starvation before releasing them, often to be re-arrested for a petty offence soon after. For the suffragettes, the beginning of World War I saw an end to the hunger strikes and a shift to focus on the war effort. The attention of the suffragists was split during the war with many focusing their efforts on a demand for pacifism. The Representation of the People's Act was passed in 1918, entitling women over the age of 30 who also met specific property requirements, the right to vote. On July 2 1928, this act was extended to include women over the age of 21.

Miss Johansen

Miss Johansen

born 1881?
Militant suffragette
Sitter in 2 portraits
Anne Knight

Anne Knight

1786-1862
Slavery abolitionist
Sitter in 4 portraits
Clara Mary Lambert (Catherine Wilson)

Clara Mary Lambert (Catherine Wilson)

1874-1969
Suffragette
Sitter in 1 portrait
Olive Leared (née Hockin)

Olive Leared (née Hockin)

1881-1936
Suffragette; Artist
Sitter in 2 portraits
Lilian Lenton

Lilian Lenton

1891-1972
Militant suffragette
Sitter in 2 portraits
Mary Lowndes

Mary Lowndes

1856-1929
Stained glass artist; co-founder of Lowndes and Dury; founder of the Artists' Suffrage League
Sitter in 1 portrait
Margaret Bright Lucas

Margaret Bright Lucas

1818-1890
Temperance activist and suffragette
Sitter in 1 portrait
Dame Edith Sophy Lyttelton (née Balfour)

Dame Edith Sophy Lyttelton (née Balfour)

1865-1948
Writer, activist and spiritualist; second wife of Alfred Lyttelton; daughter of Archibald Balfour
Sitter associated with 3 portraits
Mary Kathleen Lyttelton (née Clive)

Mary Kathleen Lyttelton (née Clive)

1856-1907
Wife of Arthur Temple Lyttelton; daughter of George Clive
Sitter in 1 portrait
Margaret McFarlane

Margaret McFarlane

born 1887
Suffragette
Sitter in 2 portraits
Priscilla McLaren

Priscilla McLaren

1815-1906
Sister of John Bright; mother of 1st Lord Aberconway
Sitter in 1 portrait
Evelyn Manesta

Evelyn Manesta

born 1888
Suffragette and governess
Sitter in 3 portraits
Kitty Marion (Katherina Maria Schafer)

Kitty Marion (Katherina Maria Schafer)

1871-1944
Militant suffragette; Actress
Sitter in 5 portraits
Constance Georgine Markievicz (née Gore-Booth), Countess Markievicz

Constance Georgine Markievicz (née Gore-Booth), Countess Markievicz

1868-1927
Irish republican and first woman elected to parliament
Sitter in 1 portrait
Nellie Alma Martel

Nellie Alma Martel

1855-1940
Suffragette and elocutionist
Sitter in 1 portrait
Margaret Nash (née Odeh)

Margaret Nash (née Odeh)

1887?-1960
Writer and suffragette; wife of Paul Nash; daughter of N. Odeh
Sitter in 3 portraits
Alison Roberta Noble Neilans

Alison Roberta Noble Neilans

1884-1942
Suffragette
Sitter in 1 portrait
Florence Priscilla (née McLaren), Lady Norman

Florence Priscilla (née McLaren), Lady Norman

1881-1964
Trustee of Imperial War Museum, Justice of the Peace for London and suffragist; wife of Sir Henry Norman, 1st Bt; daughter of 1st Baron Aberconway
Sitter in 5 portraits
Verity Oates

Verity Oates

Suffragette
Sitter in 2 portraits
Miriam Pratt

Miriam Pratt

born 1890?
Militant suffragette
Sitter in 2 portraits