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Room 6

Civil War, Republic and the Return of the King

The 17th century was a time of violent political and social upheaval in the British Isles. From 1639 to 1651, a complex series of civil, religious and national wars, invasions and rebellions broke out in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. The wars culminated in the execution of Charles I and eleven years of republican rule. When the republic fell apart, the monarchy was restored in 1660 with popular support. King Charles II’s reign was characterised by decadence at court and continuing anxiety among the people about the political and religious direction of the country. Cultural and scientific developments were supported by expanding trading opportunities, including those from the newly established slave-trading Royal African Company.

17 portraits on display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery

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John Milton, by Unknown artist - NPG 4222

John Milton

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1629
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4222

Prince Rupert, Count Palatine, by Gerrit van Honthorst - NPG 4519

Prince Rupert, Count Palatine

by Gerrit van Honthorst
oil on panel, feigned oval, circa 1640
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4519

Sir Edmund Verney, by Sir Anthony van Dyck - NPG L202

Sir Edmund Verney

by Sir Anthony van Dyck
oil on canvas, circa 1640
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L202

Oliver Cromwell, by Robert Walker - NPG 536

Oliver Cromwell

by Robert Walker
oil on canvas, circa 1649
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 536

Henry Ireton, copy attributed to Robert Walker, after  Samuel Cooper, and  Sir Anthony van Dyck - NPG 3301

Henry Ireton

copy attributed to Robert Walker, after Samuel Cooper, and Sir Anthony van Dyck
oil on canvas, circa 1650
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3301

John Lambert, after Robert Walker - NPG 252

John Lambert

after Robert Walker
oil on canvas, based on a work of circa 1650
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 252

Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, by Unknown artist - NPG 5284

Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron

by Unknown artist
lead bust, circa 1650
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5284

King Charles I, by Unknown artist - NPG 6357

King Charles I

by Unknown artist
oil on copper with 17 mica overlays, second half of 17th century
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6357

John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, by Unknown artist - NPG 804

John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1665-1670
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 804

Samuel Pepys, by John Hayls - NPG 211

Samuel Pepys

by John Hayls
oil on canvas, 1666
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 211

John Dryden, by John Michael Wright - NPG 6854

John Dryden

by John Michael Wright
oil on canvas, circa 1668
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6854

Nell Gwyn, attributed to Simon Verelst - NPG L248

Nell Gwyn

attributed to Simon Verelst
oil on canvas, circa 1670
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L248

King Charles II, attributed to Thomas Hawker - NPG 4691

King Charles II

attributed to Thomas Hawker
oil on canvas, circa 1680
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4691

Sir Josiah Child, Bt, by John Riley - NPG 5932

Sir Josiah Child, Bt

by John Riley
oil on canvas, circa 1685
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5932

King Charles I, by William Marshall - NPG D1305

King Charles I

by William Marshall
etching and line engraving, published 1649
On display in Room 6 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG D1305