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Room 7

Royalty, Religion and Revolution

Towards the end of the 17th century, the majority Protestant population in England, Wales and Scotland increasingly feared a return to Catholic rule. Charles II was succeeded by his Catholic brother James II in 1685. James suspended Parliament when it disagreed with him and he placed Catholics in powerful positions. In 1688, a group of British politicians secretly invited James’s nephew, the Dutch ruler William of Orange, to invade. His troops met little resistance and James fled the country. The throne was offered jointly to William and his wife Mary, who was James’s daughter. The Bill of Rights of 1689 placed limits on their power and laid down that all future monarchs should, like them, be Protestant.

12 portraits on display in Room 7 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery

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King James II, by Sir Peter Lely - NPG 5211

King James II

by Sir Peter Lely
oil on canvas, circa 1665-1670
On display in Room 7 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5211

James Scott, Duke of Monmouth and Buccleuch, by Jan Wyck - NPG 5376

James Scott, Duke of Monmouth and Buccleuch

by Jan Wyck
oil on canvas, circa 1675
On display in Room 7 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5376

King William III, studio of Sir Peter Lely - NPG 1902

King William III

studio of Sir Peter Lely
oil on canvas, based on a work of circa 1677
On display in Room 7 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1902

Queen Mary II, by Sir Peter Lely - NPG 6214

Queen Mary II

by Sir Peter Lely
oil on canvas, circa 1677
On display in Room 7 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6214

Mary of Modena, by Willem Wissing - NPG 214

Mary of Modena

by Willem Wissing
oil on canvas, circa 1685
On display in Room 7 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 214

Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle, by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG 1625

Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle

by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, circa 1697
On display in Room 7 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1625

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG 902

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, circa 1706
On display in Room 7 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 902

Henry Compton, by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG 2952

Henry Compton

by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, circa 1712
On display in Room 7 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2952

Sir Edward Petre, 3rd Bt; Mary of Modena; Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, attributed to Pieter Schenck - NPG D10694

Sir Edward Petre, 3rd Bt; Mary of Modena; Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

attributed to Pieter Schenck
mezzotint, 1688 or after
On display in Room 7 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG D10694

King William III; Queen Mary II, by Unknown artist - NPG D48625

King William III; Queen Mary II

by Unknown artist
tin-glazed earthenware, painted, circa 1689-1695
On display in Room 7 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG D48625

Frederick Herman de Schomberg, 1st Duke of Schomberg and an unknown boy, by and published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D1338

Frederick Herman de Schomberg, 1st Duke of Schomberg and an unknown boy

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1689 (circa 1689)
On display in Room 7 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG D1338