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Room 10

Portraying Colonial Expansion & Experience

British history did not just happen in the United Kingdom. The British competed with other European powers to dominate shipping routes, land and natural resources across the globe. The impact on the colonized peoples and their colonizers was profound. Though there was resistance, many Indigenous communities were devastated. Millions were kidnapped and trafficked from Africa. Those that survived the journey were forced into enslaved labour in America, the Caribbean and Britain. Portraits represented soldiers, naval officers and colonial diplomats as brave leaders with exotic lives. A few of the Indigenous people who came to Britain were also romanticised in this way.

26 portraits on display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery

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Joseph Collet, by Amoy Chinqua - NPG 4005

Joseph Collet

by Amoy Chinqua
unfired painted clay on a bamboo armature, 1716
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4005

James Wolfe, by Joseph Wilton - NPG 4415

James Wolfe

by Joseph Wilton
plaster cast of bust, circa 1760
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4415

Thomas Hollis, by Joseph Wilton - NPG 6946

Thomas Hollis

by Joseph Wilton
marble bust, circa 1762
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6946

Sir Eyre Coote, attributed to Henry Robert Morland - NPG 124

Sir Eyre Coote

attributed to Henry Robert Morland
oil on canvas, circa 1763
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 124

Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 5572

Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1764-1765
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5572

Warren Hastings, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 4445

Warren Hastings

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1766-1767
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4445

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge), by Robert Edge Pine - NPG 5856

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)

by Robert Edge Pine
oil on canvas, circa 1775
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5856

Mai (Omai), Sir Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander, by William Parry - NPG 6652

Mai (Omai), Sir Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander

by William Parry
oil on canvas, circa 1775-1776
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6652

James Cook, by John Webber - NPG 26

James Cook

by John Webber
oil on canvas, feigned oval, November 1776
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 26

Benjamin Franklin, after Joseph Siffred Duplessis - NPG 327

Benjamin Franklin

after Joseph Siffred Duplessis
oil on canvas, based on a work of 1778
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 327

Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 150

Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1780
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 150

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 281

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, feigned oval, 1783
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 281

Arthur Phillip, by Francis Wheatley - NPG 1462

Arthur Phillip

by Francis Wheatley
oil on canvas, 1786
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1462

George Washington, after Gilbert Stuart - NPG 774

George Washington

after Gilbert Stuart
oil on canvas, 1797
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 774

Matthew 'Monk' Lewis, by Henry William Pickersgill - NPG 421

Matthew 'Monk' Lewis

by Henry William Pickersgill
oil on canvas, engraved 1809
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 421

Napoléon Bonaparte ('Napoléon on St Helena'), by Benjamin Robert Haydon - NPG 6266

Napoléon Bonaparte ('Napoléon on St Helena')

by Benjamin Robert Haydon
oil on canvas, before 1846, based on a work of 1830
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6266

Frances Trollope, by Auguste Hervieu - NPG 3906

Frances Trollope

by Auguste Hervieu
oil on canvas, circa 1832
On display in Room 10 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3906