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Room 11

Making an Impression: Prints

From the 16th century, printmaking from copper plates made portraiture widely available, by reproducing existing portraits and creating new images. Printing from metal made it possible to produce fine lines, making the method superior to earlier techniques using wood. Produced in multiple copies, prints were cheaper than other art forms. They were often displayed in public and could be enjoyed across all classes of society. British printmakers had greater freedom of expression than their European counterparts. Satirical prints were popular, often criticising government or royalty. Prints could be enjoyed in more active ways than other art forms. They could be framed like paintings, bound into albums, collected in portfolios, or pasted onto walls and furniture.

243 portraits on display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery

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Anthony Leigh, by and published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG L269.B5.06

Anthony Leigh

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1689
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.06

Monument to William Shakespeare in Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon, by George Vertue, after  Gerard Johnson - NPG L269.B5.01

Monument to William Shakespeare in Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon

by George Vertue, after Gerard Johnson
line engraving, circa 1700-1750 (circa 1620)
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.01

Henry Woodward as the Fine Gentleman in 'Lethe', by James Macardell, after  Francis Hayman - NPG L269.B6.28

Henry Woodward as the Fine Gentleman in 'Lethe'

by James Macardell, after Francis Hayman
mezzotint, circa 1725-1750
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B6.28

Barton Booth, after John Vanderbank - NPG L269.B5.05

Barton Booth

after John Vanderbank
engraving, circa 1730-1760
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.05

Barton Booth, after John Vanderbank - NPG L269.B5.11

Barton Booth

after John Vanderbank
engraving, circa 1730-1760
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.11

Nell Gwyn, by and sold by James Macardell, after  Sir Peter Lely - NPG L269.B5.19

Nell Gwyn

by and sold by James Macardell, after Sir Peter Lely
mezzotint, mid 18th century
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.19

Robert Wilks, by and sold by John Faber Jr, sold by  Thomas Bowles Jr, sold by  John Bowles, after  John Ellys - NPG L269.B5.29

Robert Wilks

by and sold by John Faber Jr, sold by Thomas Bowles Jr, sold by John Bowles, after John Ellys
mezzotint, after 1732
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.29

John Harper as Jobson in 'The Devil to Pay', by Andrew Miller, after  George White - NPG L269.B6.26

John Harper as Jobson in 'The Devil to Pay'

by Andrew Miller, after George White
mezzotint, 1739
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B6.26

Colley Cibber, by Gerard Vandergucht, after  Jean Baptiste van Loo - NPG L269.B5.25

Colley Cibber

by Gerard Vandergucht, after Jean Baptiste van Loo
line engraving, published 1740
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.25

George Taylor, by Andrew Miller, published by  John Bowles - NPG L269.A2.10

George Taylor

by Andrew Miller, published by John Bowles
hand-coloured mezzotint, circa 1745-1750
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.A2.10

Benjamin Griffin as Tribulatio in Ben Jonson's 'The Alchemist' Act III, Scene 2, by Peter van Bleeck - NPG L269.B5.15

Benjamin Griffin as Tribulatio in Ben Jonson's 'The Alchemist' Act III, Scene 2

by Peter van Bleeck
hand-coloured mezzotint, 1748 after a work of 1738
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.15

Benjamin ('Ben') Johnson as Ananias in Ben Jonson's 'The Alchemist' Act III, Scene 2, by Peter van Bleeck - NPG L269.B5.16

Benjamin ('Ben') Johnson as Ananias in Ben Jonson's 'The Alchemist' Act III, Scene 2

by Peter van Bleeck
hand-coloured mezzotint, 1748 after a work of 1738
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.16

Charles Blakes, by James Macardell - NPG L269.B5.08

Charles Blakes

by James Macardell
mezzotint, 1750s
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.08

Thomas Betterton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG L269.B5.24

Thomas Betterton

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1750s-1770s (1690s)
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.24

'Object: The Bruiser Bruis'd: Or, the Knowing-Ones Taken-in' (John ('Jack') Slack; John ('Jack') Broughton), published by Peter Griffin - NPG L269.A2.06

'Object: The Bruiser Bruis'd: Or, the Knowing-Ones Taken-in' (John ('Jack') Slack; John ('Jack') Broughton)

published by Peter Griffin
etching, published 1750
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.A2.06

Peg Woffington as Mrs Ford in 'The Merry Wives of Windsor', by John Faber Jr, published by  John Ryall, published by  Robert Withy, after  Edward Haytley - NPG L269.B5.17

Peg Woffington as Mrs Ford in 'The Merry Wives of Windsor'

by John Faber Jr, published by John Ryall, published by Robert Withy, after Edward Haytley
mezzotint, 1751
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.17

Anne Oldfield, by Edward Fisher, published by  John Spilsbury, after  Jonathan Richardson - NPG L269.B5.22

Anne Oldfield

by Edward Fisher, published by John Spilsbury, after Jonathan Richardson
mezzotint, circa 1760-1785
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.22

Mr Foote in the Character of Major Sturgeon in the Mayor of Garratt (Mr Hayes; Samuel Foote), by John Gottfried Haid, published by  John Boydell, after  Johan Joseph Zoffany - NPG L269.B5.32

Mr Foote in the Character of Major Sturgeon in the Mayor of Garratt (Mr Hayes; Samuel Foote)

by John Gottfried Haid, published by John Boydell, after Johan Joseph Zoffany
mezzotint, published 1765
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B5.32

Ann (or Anne) Barry (née Street), by Samuel De Wilde, after  Tilly Kettle - NPG L269.B6.02

Ann (or Anne) Barry (née Street)

by Samuel De Wilde, after Tilly Kettle
mezzotint, 1768 or after
On display in Room 11 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L269.B6.02