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Room 15

The Crown in Crisis

Glittering jewels and opulent costumes help royal portraits to convey power and brilliance. Such images masked the family feuds and sex scandals that sparked national anxiety about the future of the monarchy. George III was one of Britain’s longest-reigning monarchs. He was admired for his devotion to duty and respectable domesticity. While the king suffered from mental ill health, his son George, Prince of Wales, reigned in his place. He and his brothers indulged in affairs, gambling and drinking. Much of the public thought them morally unfit to rule. In the early 19th century, people’s hopes for the monarchy were focused on the Prince of Wales’s daughter, Princess Charlotte. Her premature death turned attention towards another young princess, her cousin Victoria, born in 1819.

20 portraits on display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery

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Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, studio of Allan Ramsay - NPG 224

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

studio of Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, 1761-1762
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 224

King George III, studio of Allan Ramsay - NPG 223

King George III

studio of Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, based on a work of 1761-1762
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 223

Maria Anne Fitzherbert (née Smythe), by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG L162

Maria Anne Fitzherbert (née Smythe)

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1788
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L162

Dorothy Jordan, by John Hoppner - NPG 7041

Dorothy Jordan

by John Hoppner
oil on canvas, exhibited 1791
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 7041

King William IV, by Sir Martin Archer Shee - NPG 2199

King William IV

by Sir Martin Archer Shee
oil on canvas, circa 1800
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2199

Charles James Fox, by Joseph Nollekens - NPG 3887

Charles James Fox

by Joseph Nollekens
marble bust, 1805
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3887

William Pitt, by Joseph Nollekens - NPG 120

William Pitt

by Joseph Nollekens
marble bust, 1808
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 120

Mary Anne Clarke (née Thompson), by Lawrence Gahagan - NPG 4436

Mary Anne Clarke (née Thompson)

by Lawrence Gahagan
marble bust, 1811
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4436

King George IV, by Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG 123

King George IV

by Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on canvas, circa 1814
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 123

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, by Sir William Beechey - NPG 647

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn

by Sir William Beechey
oil on canvas, 1818, based on work of 1814
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 647

Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, by Sir David Wilkie - NPG 2936

Frederick, Duke of York and Albany

by Sir David Wilkie
oil on panel, circa 1822-1823
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2936

Queen Adelaide (Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen), reduced version of a work by Sir William Beechey - NPG 1533

Queen Adelaide (Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen)

reduced version of a work by Sir William Beechey
oil on canvas, circa 1831
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1533

Queen Victoria, replica by Sir George Hayter - NPG 1250

Queen Victoria

replica by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1863, based on a work of 1838
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1250

Princess Victoria, Duchess of Kent and Strathearn, reduced version by Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG 2554

Princess Victoria, Duchess of Kent and Strathearn

reduced version by Franz Xaver Winterhalter
oil on canvas, circa 1857
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2554

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, replica by Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG 237

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

replica by Franz Xaver Winterhalter
oil on canvas, 1867, based on a work of 1859
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 237

'Fashionable contrasts; - or - the Duchess's little shoe yeilding to the magnitude of the Duke's foot', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13009

'Fashionable contrasts; - or - the Duchess's little shoe yeilding to the magnitude of the Duke's foot'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 24 January 1792
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG D13009