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Room 1

Beginnings: The Tudors

The Tudor dynasty ruled England, Wales and Ireland between 1485 and 1603. It was during this period that stand-alone painted portraiture first became a popular art form. The Tudors traced their family tree back through rival branches of the Plantagenet dynasty, the Houses of Lancaster and York. Their rule brought to an end the bloody civil wars that have come to be known as the Wars of the Roses. The earliest portraits were commissioned as memorials and practical tools in diplomatic negotiations. However, over the course of the 16th century, the scale and imagery of painted portraits became ever more ambitious.

41 portraits on display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery

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King Edward III, by Elkington & Co, cast by  Domenico Brucciani, after  Unknown artist - NPG 332

King Edward III

by Elkington & Co, cast by Domenico Brucciani, after Unknown artist
electrotype, 1873, based on a work of circa 1377-1380
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 332

Edward, Prince of Wales, by Elkington & Co, cast by  Domenico Brucciani, after  Unknown artist - NPG 396

Edward, Prince of Wales

by Elkington & Co, cast by Domenico Brucciani, after Unknown artist
electrotype, 1875, based on a work of circa 1377
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 396

King Richard II, by Elkington & Co, cast by  Domenico Brucciani, after  Nicholas Broker, and  Godfrey Prest - NPG 330

King Richard II

by Elkington & Co, cast by Domenico Brucciani, after Nicholas Broker, and Godfrey Prest
electrotype, 1873, based on a work of circa 1395-1397
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 330

King Henry VII, by Unknown Netherlandish artist - NPG 416

King Henry VII

by Unknown Netherlandish artist
oil on panel, 1505
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 416

Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby, by Meynart Weywyck (Maynard Vewicke) - NPG L270

Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby

by Meynart Weywyck (Maynard Vewicke)
oil on panel, circa 1510
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L270

King Henry VIII, by Unknown Anglo-Netherlandish artist - NPG 4690

King Henry VIII

by Unknown Anglo-Netherlandish artist
oil on panel, circa 1520
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4690

Katherine of Aragon, by Unknown artist - NPG L246

Katherine of Aragon

by Unknown artist
oil on oak panel, circa 1520
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L246

Sir Thomas More, after Hans Holbein the Younger - NPG 4358

Sir Thomas More

after Hans Holbein the Younger
oil on panel, early 17th century, based on a work of 1527
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4358

King Richard III with a broken sword, by unknown artist - NPG L266

King Richard III with a broken sword

by unknown artist
oil or tempera on panel, 1530-1562
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L266

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex, after Hans Holbein the Younger - NPG 1727

Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex

after Hans Holbein the Younger
oil on panel, early 17th century, based on a work of 1532-1533
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1727

Anne Boleyn, by Unknown English artist - NPG 668

Anne Boleyn

by Unknown English artist
oil on panel, late 16th century, based on a work of circa 1533-1536
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 668

King Henry VIII; King Henry VII, by Hans Holbein the Younger - NPG 4027

King Henry VIII; King Henry VII

by Hans Holbein the Younger
ink and watercolour, circa 1536-1537
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4027

Jane Seymour, after Hans Holbein the Younger - NPG 7025

Jane Seymour

after Hans Holbein the Younger
oil on panel, circa 1537
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 7025

King Edward IV, by Unknown English artist - NPG 3542

King Edward IV

by Unknown English artist
oil on panel, circa 1540
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3542

King Henry VI, by Unknown English artist - NPG 2457

King Henry VI

by Unknown English artist
oil on panel, circa 1540
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2457

Queen Mary I, by Master John - NPG 428

Queen Mary I

by Master John
oil on panel, 1544
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 428

Thomas Cranmer, by Gerlach Flicke - NPG 535

Thomas Cranmer

by Gerlach Flicke
oil on panel, 1545-1546
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 535

Katherine Parr, attributed to Master John - NPG 4451

Katherine Parr

attributed to Master John
oil on panel, circa 1545
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4451

King Edward VI, attributed to William Scrots - NPG 1299

King Edward VI

attributed to William Scrots
oil on panel, anamorphosis, 1546
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1299

King Edward VI, by Workshop associated with 'Master John' - NPG 5511

King Edward VI

by Workshop associated with 'Master John'
oil on panel, circa 1547
On display in Room 1 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5511