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Philosophers


208 People in group

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

1848-1930
Prime Minister and philosopher
Sitter in 138 portraits
Sir Isaiah Berlin

Sir Isaiah Berlin

1909-1997
Philosopher and political theorist
Sitter in 11 portraits
Robert Boyle

Robert Boyle

1627-1691
Chemist and natural philosopher
Sitter associated with 22 portraits
Sir David Brewster

Sir David Brewster

1781-1868
Natural philosopher and academic administrator
Sitter in 18 portraits
Edmund Burke

Edmund Burke

1729-1797
Statesman; orator; author
Sitter associated with 106 portraits
John Dalton

John Dalton

1766-1844
Chemist and natural philosopher
Sitter in 15 portraits
Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin

1809-1882
Naturalist, geologist and originator of the theory of evolution
Sitter in 35 portraits
Sir Humphry Davy, Bt

Sir Humphry Davy, Bt

1778-1829
Natural philosopher
Sitter in 20 portraits
René Descartes

René Descartes

1596-1650
French philosopher and mathematician
Sitter in 10 portraits
Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson

Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson

1862-1932
Philosopher
Sitter associated with 29 portraits
Ralph Waldo Emerson

Ralph Waldo Emerson

1803-1882
Poet and philosopher
Sitter in 8 portraits
Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin

1706-1790
Statesman; signer of the Declaration of Independence
Sitter in 8 portraits
William Godwin

William Godwin

1756-1836
Philosopher and novelist
Sitter in 13 portraits
Richard Burdon Haldane, Viscount Haldane

Richard Burdon Haldane, Viscount Haldane

1856-1928
Statesman, lawyer and philosopher
Sitter in 40 portraits
Stephen Hales

Stephen Hales

1677-1761
Natural philosopher, chemist and inventor
Sitter in 6 portraits
George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax

George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax

1633-1695
Political philosopher
Sitter associated with 13 portraits
Friedrich August von Hayek

Friedrich August von Hayek

1899-1992
Economist and political philosopher
Sitter in 14 portraits
Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes

1588-1679
Social philosopher
Sitter associated with 21 portraits
Richard Hooker

Richard Hooker

1554-1600
Theologian and philosopher
Sitter associated with 17 portraits
David Hume

David Hume

1711-1776
Philosopher and historian
Sitter in 6 portraits
John Locke

John Locke

1632-1704
Philosopher
Sitter in 36 portraits
Harriet Martineau

Harriet Martineau

1802-1876
Social philosopher and writer
Sitter in 9 portraits
John Stuart Mill

John Stuart Mill

1806-1873
Social philosopher, economist and advocate of women's rights
Sitter in 20 portraits
Iris Murdoch

Iris Murdoch

1919-1999
Novelist and philosopher
Sitter in 35 portraits
Sir Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton

1642-1727
Mathematical scientist
Sitter associated with 46 portraits
Onora Sylvia O'Neill, Baroness O'Neill of Bengarve

Onora Sylvia O'Neill, Baroness O'Neill of Bengarve

1941-
Philosopher, writer and academic
Sitter in 2 portraits
Thomas Paine

Thomas Paine

1737-1809
Author of 'The Rights of Man'
Sitter in 12 portraits
Alexander Pope

Alexander Pope

1688-1744
Poet
Sitter associated with 46 portraits
Sir Karl Raimund Popper

Sir Karl Raimund Popper

1902-1994
Philosopher
Sitter in 5 portraits
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

1809-1865
Economist and socialist philosopher
Sitter in 1 portrait
Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell

1872-1970
Philosopher, mathematician and social reformer
Sitter in 119 portraits
Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Paul Sartre

1905-1980
Novelist and playwright; philosopher and exponent of Existentialism
Sitter in 2 portraits
Albert Schweitzer

Albert Schweitzer

1875-1965
Physician, musician and philosopher
Sitter associated with 1 portrait
Roger Vernon Scruton

Roger Vernon Scruton

1944-2020
Writer and philosopher
Sitter in 1 portrait
Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury

Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury

1671-1713
Philosopher and writer on the fine arts
Sitter in 8 portraits
Adam Smith

Adam Smith

1723-1790
Political economist
Sitter in 6 portraits
Socrates

Socrates

circa 469-399 BC
Greek philosopher
Sitter associated with 1 portrait
Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban

Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban

1561-1626
Philosopher and Lord Chancellor
Sitter associated with 63 portraits
Sir Leslie Stephen

Sir Leslie Stephen

1832-1904
Writer, philosopher, mountaineer and first editor of the Dictionary of National Biography; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery
Sitter in 13 portraits
Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore

1861-1941
Poet and philosopher
Sitter in 7 portraits
Voltaire

Voltaire

1694-1778
Writer, satirist, philosopher and historian
Sitter in 6 portraits
Helen Mary Warnock, Baroness Warnock

Helen Mary Warnock, Baroness Warnock

1924-2019
Philosopher and public servant
Sitter in 2 portraits
Mary Wollstonecraft

Mary Wollstonecraft

1759-1797
Writer and feminist
Sitter in 6 portraits
Mary Wollstonecraft

Mary Wollstonecraft

1759-1797
Writer and feminist
Sitter in 6 portraits
St Albert ('the Great')

St Albert ('the Great')

circa 1193-1280
Philosopher and theologian
Sitter in 1 portrait
Giovanni Aldini

Giovanni Aldini

1762-1834
Italian experimental philosopher and writer
Sitter in 1 portrait
Samuel Alexander

Samuel Alexander

1859-1938
Philosopher
Sitter in 5 portraits
Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe

Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe

1919-2001
Philosopher
Sitter in 1 portrait
Neil Arnott

Neil Arnott

1788-1874
Physician and natural philosopher
Sitter in 1 portrait
Khadambi Asalache

Khadambi Asalache

1935-2006
Poet, novelist, philosopher of mathematics and civil servant
Sitter in 1 portrait
Avicenna

Avicenna

circa 980-1037
Physician, philosopher and a scientist
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Alfred Jules Ayer

Sir Alfred Jules Ayer

1910-1989
Philosopher
Sitter in 13 portraits
Roger Bacon

Roger Bacon

1214?-1294
Philosopher
Sitter associated with 8 portraits
James Beattie

James Beattie

1735-1803
Poet and philosopher
Sitter in 4 portraits
(Thomas) Brooke Benjamin

(Thomas) Brooke Benjamin

1929-1995
Mathematical physicist and mathematician; Professor of Natural Philosophy, University of Oxford
Sitter in 1 portrait
Jeremy Bentham

Jeremy Bentham

1748-1832
Social philosopher
Sitter in 9 portraits
George Berkeley

George Berkeley

1685-1753
Philosopher; Bishop of Cloyne
Sitter in 5 portraits
Anicus Manlius Severinus Boethius

Anicus Manlius Severinus Boethius

circa 475-524
Roman philosopher and politician
Sitter associated with 1 portrait
Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

1678-1751
Politician; MP for Wootton Bassett and Berkshire; government official and political philosopher
Sitter in 11 portraits

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