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The Raj and the Indian sub-continent


26 People in sitter grouping:

The British first arrived in India in the 1600s, establishing trading posts through the East India Company. By the mid 18th Century, the company's power and influence meant that a majority of India was controlled by Britain. By the 1700s, English was established as the language of administration and government. The British Raj (taken from the Hindi word Raj, meaning rule) officially began in 1858, when governance was transferred to the Crown with Queen Victoria being proclaimed the Empress of India in 1876. By the mid 19th Century, universities had been established in Kolkata and Mumbai and one of the largest railway networks was underway. Following growing discontent and uprisings, India gained its independence from Britain in 1947. It was partitioned into the Republic of India, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the eastern part of which would become the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The partition created one of the largest mass migrations in history to date.

Edmund Burke

Edmund Burke

1729-1797
Statesman; orator; author
Sitter associated with 106 portraits
Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive

1725-1774
Governor of Bengal
Sitter in 9 portraits
Sir Eyre Coote

Sir Eyre Coote

1726-1783
General
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Stafford Cripps

Sir Stafford Cripps

1889-1952
Statesman
Sitter in 42 portraits
Sir Herbert Benjamin Edwardes

Sir Herbert Benjamin Edwardes

1819-1868
Army and political officer in India
Sitter in 9 portraits
E.M. Forster

E.M. Forster

1879-1970
Novelist
Sitter in 45 portraits
Warren Hastings

Warren Hastings

1732-1818
Governor-General of India
Sitter associated with 47 portraits
Rudyard Kipling

Rudyard Kipling

1865-1936
Writer and poet
Sitter associated with 40 portraits
Stringer Lawrence

Stringer Lawrence

1697-1775
Known as the 'Father of the Indian army'
Sitter in 4 portraits
Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton

Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton

1831-1891
'Owen Meredith'; poet; viceroy of India
Sitter in 19 portraits
Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay

Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay

1800-1859
Historian, poet and politician; MP for Calne, Leeds and Edinburgh
Sitter in 26 portraits
Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville

1742-1811
Statesman
Sitter associated with 82 portraits
William Pitt

William Pitt

1759-1806
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 174 portraits
Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts

Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts

1832-1914
Field Marshal
Sitter in 81 portraits
Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria

1819-1901
Reigned 1837-1901
Sitter associated with 546 portraits | Artist associated with 5 portraits
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

1769-1852
Field Marshal and Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 640 portraits
Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst

Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst

1858-1944
Diplomat and viceroy of India
Sitter in 7 portraits
Charles Theophilus Metcalfe, 1st Baron Metcalfe

Charles Theophilus Metcalfe, 1st Baron Metcalfe

1785-1846
Provisional Governor-General of India; Governor-General of Canada
Sitter in 1 portrait
Mir Jafar

Mir Jafar

circa 1691-1765
Nawab of Murshidabad
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Thomas Munro, 1st Bt

Sir Thomas Munro, 1st Bt

1761-1827
Administrator in India
Sitter in 2 portraits
Sir Charles James Napier

Sir Charles James Napier

1782-1853
Army officer and Conqueror of Sind
Sitter in 11 portraits
George Pigot, Baron Pigot

George Pigot, Baron Pigot

1719-1777
Governor of Madras
Sitter in 3 portraits