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The Civil War: Parliamentarians


During the English Civil War (1642-1651), the Parliamentarians fought against King Charles I and his supporters the Royalists. They supported the Parliament of England, challenging the absolute rule of Charles I. They had several advantages over the Royalists, including authority over the navy and significant financial resources. They anticipated the outcome of war and were strategic in securing sympathies in large towns by appointing supporters of their cause to office. In 1645, they established the New Model Army, whose soldiers were full time professionals that could be called to service anywhere in the country. The Royalists referred to the Parliamentarians as Roundheads, which mocked their short, cropped hairstyle. In the New Model Army it was a punishable offense to use the term. Eventually the conflicts and plots led to the trial and execution of Charles I, exile of his son King Charles II, replacement of the monarchy with the Commonwealth of England (1649-53) and Oliver Cromwell's rule (1653-59).

Sir Richard Brown, Bt

Sir Richard Brown, Bt

circa 1602-1669
Parliamentarian army officer, Lord Mayor of London and politician; MP for City of London
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Richard Browne, 1st Bt

Sir Richard Browne, 1st Bt

circa 1610-1669
Parliamentary general and Lord Mayor of London
Sitter in 7 portraits
John Claypole

John Claypole

1625-1688
Parliamentarian; husband of Cromwell's daughter, Elizabeth
Sitter in 3 portraits
Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell

1599-1658
Lord Protector of England
Sitter associated with 224 portraits
Richard Cromwell

Richard Cromwell

1626-1712
Lord Protector of England
Sitter associated with 22 portraits
George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer

George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer

1622-1684
Politician; parliamentarian military commissioner, later active in restoration of Charles II and MP for Cheshire
Sitter in 2 portraits
Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh

Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh

circa 1608-1675
Parliamentarian
Sitter in 3 portraits
John Disbrowe (Desborough)

John Disbrowe (Desborough)

baptised 1608-1680
Parliamentarian army officer and politician
Sitter in 4 portraits
Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

1591-1646
Parliamentary general
Sitter associated with 44 portraits
William Fairfax, 3rd Viscount Fairfax of Emley

William Fairfax, 3rd Viscount Fairfax of Emley

baptised 1610-1644
Parliamentarian army officer
Sitter in 8 portraits
Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron

Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron

1612-1671
Parliamentary Commander-in-Chief
Sitter associated with 88 portraits
Nathaniel Fiennes

Nathaniel Fiennes

1608-1669
Parliamentarian
Sitter in 10 portraits
Sir John Gell, 1st Bt

Sir John Gell, 1st Bt

baptised 1593-1671
Parliamentarian army officer
Sitter in 1 portrait
Thomas Grey, Baron Grey of Groby

Thomas Grey, Baron Grey of Groby

1622-1657
Parliamentarian army commander-in-chief, regicide and politician; MP for Leicester
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Edward Hales, 1st Bt

Sir Edward Hales, 1st Bt

circa 1576-1654
Parliamentarian
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Edward Harley

Sir Edward Harley

1624-1700
Parliamentarian army officer and politician; MP for Herefordshire and Radnor
Sitter in 4 portraits
James Harrington (Sir James Harrington, 3rd Bt)

James Harrington (Sir James Harrington, 3rd Bt)

circa 1607-1680
Parliamentarian
Sitter in 5 portraits
Sir Arthur Hesilrige

Sir Arthur Hesilrige

1601-1661
Statesman and parliamentarian
Sitter in 4 portraits
Sir John Hotham, 1st Bt

Sir John Hotham, 1st Bt

1589-1645
Parliamentarian army officer and politician; MP for Beverley
Sitter in 8 portraits
John Hotham

John Hotham

1610-1645
Parliamentarian army officer and politician; MP for Scarborough; son of Sir John Hotham, 1st Bt
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Hutchinson

John Hutchinson

baptised 1615-1664
Parliamentarian army officer and regicide
Sitter in 3 portraits
Henry Ireton

Henry Ireton

1611-1651
Parliamentary general
Sitter associated with 17 portraits
George Joyce

George Joyce

born 1618
Parliamentarian army officer
Sitter in 4 portraits
John Lambert

John Lambert

1619-1684
Parliamentary general
Sitter associated with 16 portraits
Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester

Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester

1602-1671
Lord Chamberlain and parliamentarian army officer
Sitter associated with 20 portraits
Henry Marten (Martin)

Henry Marten (Martin)

1601 or 1602-1680
Lawyer, regicide and politician; MP for Berkshire
Sitter associated with 4 portraits
Andrew Marvell

Andrew Marvell

1621-1678
Poet and politician; MP for Kingston-upon-Hull
Sitter associated with 16 portraits
Sir John Meldrum

Sir John Meldrum

before 1584-1645
Parliamentarian army officer
Sitter in 2 portraits
Sir Thomas Myddelton

Sir Thomas Myddelton

1586-1666
Parliamentarian army officer
Sitter associated with 4 portraits
Hugh Peter (Peters)

Hugh Peter (Peters)

1598-1660
Independent minister and parliamentarian
Sitter in 20 portraits
Sir Robert Phelips

Sir Robert Phelips

1586?-1638
Parliamentarian
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sydenham Poyntz (Poynts)

Sydenham Poyntz (Poynts)

born circa 1607
Parliamentarian army officer
Sitter associated with 9 portraits
Sir John Reynolds

Sir John Reynolds

1625-1657
Parliamentarian army officer
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Rosworm (Rosworme or Roseworme)

John Rosworm (Rosworme or Roseworme)

active 1630-1660
Parliamentarian army officer and Military engineer
Sitter associated with 1 portrait
Anthony Rous

Anthony Rous

circa 1605-1677
Parliamentarian army officer and politician; MP for Cornwall
Sitter associated with 1 portrait
Thomas Sanders

Thomas Sanders

1610-1695
Politician and Parliamentarian Colonel
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele

William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele

1582-1662
Businessman and politician; Lord Privy Seal
Sitter associated with 15 portraits
Henry Grey, 1st Earl of Stamford

Henry Grey, 1st Earl of Stamford

circa 1599-1673
Parliamentarian army officer
Sitter in 5 portraits
Sir Philip Stapleton

Sir Philip Stapleton

1603-1647
Parliamentarian
Sitter associated with 5 portraits
Sir William Waller

Sir William Waller

1597-1668
Parliamentary general
Sitter associated with 17 portraits