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Whigs


222 People in sitter grouping:

The history of the Whigs in British politics is long and varied, starting with their emergence as a political faction in 1678. The term itself was first used in British politics during the 1678-1681 Exclusion Bill crises, where a strong party came forward to dispute the crowning of Roman Catholic king, James II. Although often separated into many different group affiliations such as Bedfordites, Rockingham Whigs, and Chathamites, named after their various leaders, the Whigs were united by their representative colours of orange, blue and buff and their key policies. These included a firm opposition to absolute rule, particularly by a Roman Catholic (which they saw as a threat to religious freedom and civil liberties and a threat to protectionist foreign trade laws). As their popularity rose and fell with the changing royal powers, the Whigs evolved to suit the times, using some of their strongest leaders, such as Robert Walpole, to maintain their particular breed of anti-Tory political control. It was, however, one of their most well known off-shoots, the Junto Whigs, whose radical views led to a split, and an eventual merge of the Junto Whigs with the Conservative party in the 1680s. The reign of George I saw Whig supremacy in parliament, as the Tory Jacobites were expelled from parliament. George III's accession saw a joining of disputed factions to form the 'Old' and 'New' Whigs, under Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and Lord Chatham respectively. Opposition to Prime Minister William Pitt lost the Whigs seats during the 1790s, but they had a lasting impact in the implementation of parliamentary reform acts regarding slavery and the Poor Laws in the 1830s. The Whigs were formally merged into a new coalition liberal party with the Peelites in 1859, and their final dissolution came in 1868.

Charles Sloane Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan

Charles Sloane Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan

1728-1807
Politician; MP for Cambridge
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Calcraft the Elder

John Calcraft the Elder

1726-1772
Politician and army agent
Sitter in 1 portrait
Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle

Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle

1748-1825
Politician and diplomat
Sitter associated with 26 portraits
Henry Herbert, 1st Earl of Carnarvon

Henry Herbert, 1st Earl of Carnarvon

1741-1811
Whig politician; Master of the Horse
Sitter in 2 portraits
Robert John Carington (né Smith), 2nd Baron Carrington

Robert John Carington (né Smith), 2nd Baron Carrington

1796-1868
Politician; MP for Wendover, Buckinghamshire and Wycombe; son of 1st Baron Carrington
Sitter in 4 portraits
Lord John Cavendish

Lord John Cavendish

1732-1796
Politician; MP for several constituencies
Sitter associated with 11 portraits
William Fawkener Chetwynd

William Fawkener Chetwynd

1788-1873
Politician; MP for Stafford
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir William Robert Clayton, 5th Bt

Sir William Robert Clayton, 5th Bt

1786-1866
Politician; MP for Great Marlow
Sitter in 1 portrait
Thomas Fortescue, 1st Baron Clermont

Thomas Fortescue, 1st Baron Clermont

1815-1887
Politician; MP for County Louth
Sitter in 3 portraits
Edward Bolton Clive

Edward Bolton Clive

1765-1845
Politician; MP for Hereford
Sitter in 1 portrait
Hon. Edward Keppel Wentworth Coke

Hon. Edward Keppel Wentworth Coke

1824-1889
Sheriff of Derbyshire, soldier and politician; MP for West Norfolk
Sitter in 2 portraits
George Hanger, 4th Baron Coleraine

George Hanger, 4th Baron Coleraine

1751?-1824
Eccentric
Sitter in 20 portraits
Henry Brooke Parnell, 1st Baron Congleton

Henry Brooke Parnell, 1st Baron Congleton

1776-1842
Irish writer and politician; Paymaster-General
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Crewe, 1st Baron Crewe

John Crewe, 1st Baron Crewe

1742-1829
Politician; MP for Cheshire and Stafford
Sitter in 4 portraits
Sir George Henry Dashwood, 5th Bt

Sir George Henry Dashwood, 5th Bt

1790-1862
Politician; MP for Buckinghamshire and Wycombe
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Ponsonby, 1st Baron de Mauley

William Ponsonby, 1st Baron de Mauley

1787-1855
Politician; MP for Dorset
Sitter in 2 portraits
Edward Smith Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby

Edward Smith Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby

1752-1834
Sportsman and patron of horse-racing
Sitter associated with 65 portraits
William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire

William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire

1748-1811
Lord High Treasurer of Ireland
Sitter in 8 portraits
Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt

Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt

1784-1861
Politician; MP for Stamford and Lambeth
Sitter in 4 portraits
William Lewis Hughes, 1st Baron Dinorben

William Lewis Hughes, 1st Baron Dinorben

1767-1852
Copper mine owner, philanthropist and politician; MP for Wallingford
Sitter in 1 portrait
Edmund Dunch

Edmund Dunch

1657-1719
Whig politician and Master of the Royal Household to Queen Anne
Sitter in 4 portraits
Sir Robert Lawrence Dundas

Sir Robert Lawrence Dundas

1780-1844
Politician; MP for Malton, East Retford and Richmond
Sitter in 1 portrait
James Abercromby, 1st Baron Dunfermline

James Abercromby, 1st Baron Dunfermline

1776-1858
Barrister and Whig politician, Speaker of the House of Commons
Sitter in 10 portraits
Edward Ellice

Edward Ellice

1783-1863
Merchant and politician; MP for Coventry
Sitter in 11 portraits
Ralph Etwall

Ralph Etwall

1804-1882
Politician; MP for Andover
Sitter in 1 portrait
George Faithfull

George Faithfull

1790-1863
Solicitor and politician; MP for Brighton
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Nicholas Fazakerley

John Nicholas Fazakerley

1787-1852
Politician; MP for Lincoln, Great Grimsby, Tavistock and Peterborough
Sitter in 2 portraits
Robert Ferguson

Robert Ferguson

1769-1840
Politician; MP for Fife, Dysart, Kirkcaldy and Haddingtonshire
Sitter in 3 portraits
Richard Fitzpatrick

Richard Fitzpatrick

1748-1813
General, poet and politician; MP for Tavistock and Bedfordshire
Sitter associated with 7 portraits
Lord John Edward Fitzroy

Lord John Edward Fitzroy

1785-1856
Politician; MP for Thetford and Bury St Edmunds
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Wentworth Fitzwilliam, 2nd Earl Fitzwilliam

William Wentworth Fitzwilliam, 2nd Earl Fitzwilliam

1748-1833
Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland
Sitter in 13 portraits
Sir Henry Fletcher, 1st Bt

Sir Henry Fletcher, 1st Bt

1727?-1807
Politician; MP for Cumberland
Sitter in 2 portraits
Sir William John Henry Browne Folkes, 2nd Bt

Sir William John Henry Browne Folkes, 2nd Bt

1786-1860
Politician; MP for Norfolk and Norfolk West
Sitter in 1 portrait
Hugh Fortescue, 2nd Earl Fortescue

Hugh Fortescue, 2nd Earl Fortescue

1783-1861
Politician; MP for Barnstaple, St Mawes, Buckingham, Devon, Tavistock and Devonshire North
Sitter associated with 23 portraits
Fitzstephen French

Fitzstephen French

1801-1873
Politician; MP for County Roscommon
Sitter in 1 portrait
Thomas Gisborne the Younger

Thomas Gisborne the Younger

1794-1852
Politician; MP for several constituencies
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Glynn

John Glynn

1722-1779
Lawyer and politician; MP for Middlesex
Sitter in 2 portraits
Robert Gordon

Robert Gordon

1786-1864
Captain and politician; Financial Secretary to the Treasury and MP for Wareham, Cricklade and New Windsor
Sitter in 1 portrait
George Henry FitzRoy, 4th Duke of Grafton

George Henry FitzRoy, 4th Duke of Grafton

1760-1844
Whig Politician and Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk
Sitter in 3 portraits
John Manners, Marquess of Granby

John Manners, Marquess of Granby

1721-1770
Commander-in-Chief of the Army
Sitter in 16 portraits
Sir Berkeley William Guise, 2nd Bt

Sir Berkeley William Guise, 2nd Bt

1775-1834
Landowner and politician; MP for Gloucestershire
Sitter in 2 portraits
Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax

Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax

1800-1885
Whig politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sitter in 28 portraits
Henry Handley

Henry Handley

1797-1846
President of The Royal Agricultural Society and politician; MP for South Lincolnshire
Sitter in 2 portraits
William Charles Harland

William Charles Harland

1804-1863
Politician; MP for Durham
Sitter in 1 portrait
James Harris

James Harris

1709-1780
Philosopher, critic, grammarian and politician; MP for Christchurch
Sitter in 3 portraits
Dudley Francis Stuart Ryder, 3rd Earl of Harrowby

Dudley Francis Stuart Ryder, 3rd Earl of Harrowby

1831-1900
Educationalist and politician; MP for Lichfield and Liverpool and President of the Board of Trade
Sitter in 9 portraits
Jacob Astley, 16th Baron Hastings

Jacob Astley, 16th Baron Hastings

1797-1859
Politician; MP for Norfolk West
Sitter in 2 portraits
Sir Benjamin Hawes

Sir Benjamin Hawes

1797-1862
Advocate for the arts and politician; MP for Lambeth and Kinsale
Sitter in 2 portraits
No individual image available for this person

Edward Heneage

1802-1880
Politician; MP for Grimsby
Sitter in 1 portrait
George Fieschi Heneage

George Fieschi Heneage

1800-1864
Politician; MP for Great Grimsby and Lincoln
Sitter in 1 portrait
Anthony Henley

Anthony Henley

1667-1711
Whig politician and wit
Sitter in 9 portraits
Sir Robert Heron, 2nd Bt

Sir Robert Heron, 2nd Bt

1765-1854
Politician; MP for Great Grimsby and Peterborough
Sitter in 2 portraits
Sir Benjamin Hobhouse, 1st Bt

Sir Benjamin Hobhouse, 1st Bt

1757-1831
Writer and politician; MP for Bletchingley, Grampound and Hindon
Sitter associated with 3 portraits
Robert Hollond

Robert Hollond

1808-1877
Lawyer, balloonist and politician; MP for Hastings
Sitter in 2 portraits
Filmer Honywood

Filmer Honywood

1744-1809
Politician; MP for Kent
Sitter in 2 portraits
Sir William Horne

Sir William Horne

1774-1860
Barrister and politician; MP for Helston, Bletchingley, Newtown and Marylebone
Sitter in 3 portraits
Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton

Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton

1809-1885
Poet, patron of literature and politician; MP for Pontefract
Sitter in 14 portraits
Philip Henry Howard

Philip Henry Howard

1801-1883
Politician; MP for Carlisle
Sitter in 1 portrait
Thomas Hudson

Thomas Hudson

1772-1852
Politician; MP for Evesham
Sitter in 1 portrait

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