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Whigs


222 People in sitter grouping:

The history of the Whigs in British politics is long and varied, starting with their emergence as a political faction in 1678. The term itself was first used in British politics during the 1678-1681 Exclusion Bill crises, where a strong party came forward to dispute the crowning of Roman Catholic king, James II. Although often separated into many different group affiliations such as Bedfordites, Rockingham Whigs, and Chathamites, named after their various leaders, the Whigs were united by their representative colours of orange, blue and buff and their key policies. These included a firm opposition to absolute rule, particularly by a Roman Catholic (which they saw as a threat to religious freedom and civil liberties and a threat to protectionist foreign trade laws). As their popularity rose and fell with the changing royal powers, the Whigs evolved to suit the times, using some of their strongest leaders, such as Robert Walpole, to maintain their particular breed of anti-Tory political control. It was, however, one of their most well known off-shoots, the Junto Whigs, whose radical views led to a split, and an eventual merge of the Junto Whigs with the Conservative party in the 1680s. The reign of George I saw Whig supremacy in parliament, as the Tory Jacobites were expelled from parliament. George III's accession saw a joining of disputed factions to form the 'Old' and 'New' Whigs, under Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and Lord Chatham respectively. Opposition to Prime Minister William Pitt lost the Whigs seats during the 1790s, but they had a lasting impact in the implementation of parliamentary reform acts regarding slavery and the Poor Laws in the 1830s. The Whigs were formally merged into a new coalition liberal party with the Peelites in 1859, and their final dissolution came in 1868.

John Humphery

John Humphery

1794-1863
Politician; MP for Southwark
Sitter in 2 portraits
Henry Stephen Fox-Strangways, 3rd Earl of Ilchester

Henry Stephen Fox-Strangways, 3rd Earl of Ilchester

1787-1858
Whig peer
Sitter in 1 portrait
Robert Ingham

Robert Ingham

1793-1875
Barrister and politician; MP for South Shields
Sitter in 1 portrait
William James

William James

1791-1861
Politician; MP for Carlisle
Sitter in 1 portrait
George Bussy Villiers, 4th Earl of Jersey

George Bussy Villiers, 4th Earl of Jersey

1735-1805
Courtier
Sitter in 6 portraits
Frances Villiers (née Twysden), Countess of Jersey

Frances Villiers (née Twysden), Countess of Jersey

1753-1821
Mistress of George IV and courtier
Sitter associated with 8 portraits
Swynfen Stevens Jervis

Swynfen Stevens Jervis

1798-1867
Occasional poet and politician; MP for Bridport
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir John Vanden Bempde Johnstone, 2nd Bt

Sir John Vanden Bempde Johnstone, 2nd Bt

1799-1869
Politician; MP for Yorkshire and Scarborough
Sitter in 3 portraits
Thomas Francis Kennedy

Thomas Francis Kennedy

1788-1879
Politician; MP for Ayr Burghs
Sitter in 1 portrait
Edward Bolton King

Edward Bolton King

1800-1878
Politician; MP for Warwick and South Warwickshire
Sitter in 2 portraits
Ralph John Lambton

Ralph John Lambton

circa 1767-1844
Banker and politician; MP for Durham
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Saunders Sebright Lascelles

William Saunders Sebright Lascelles

1798-1851
Politician; MP for Wakefield and Knaresborough
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Temple Leader

John Temple Leader

1810-1903
Connoisseur, author and politician; MP for Westminster
Sitter in 12 portraits
Henry Bilson Legge

Henry Bilson Legge

1708-1764
Whig politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sitter in 8 portraits
Sir Denis Le Marchant, 1st Bt

Sir Denis Le Marchant, 1st Bt

1795-1874
Politician, barrister, civil servant and writer
Sitter in 2 portraits
Sir Charles Lemon, 2nd Bt

Sir Charles Lemon, 2nd Bt

1784-1868
Politician; MP for Cornwall
Sitter in 1 portrait
Ralph Leycester

Ralph Leycester

1764-1865
Politician; MP for Shaftesbury
Sitter in 1 portrait
Thomas William Anson, 1st Earl of Lichfield

Thomas William Anson, 1st Earl of Lichfield

1795-1854
Postmaster General and politician; MP for Great Yarmouth
Sitter in 4 portraits
John Loch

John Loch

1781-1868
Chairman of the East India Company and politician; MP for Hythe
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Ralph Lopes, 2nd Bt

Sir Ralph Lopes, 2nd Bt

1788-1854
Politician; MP for Westbury and South Devon
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Henry Lyttelton, 3rd Baron Lyttelton

William Henry Lyttelton, 3rd Baron Lyttelton

1782-1837
Politician; MP for Worcestershire
Sitter in 1 portrait
Robert Vernon Smith, 1st Baron Lyveden

Robert Vernon Smith, 1st Baron Lyveden

1800-1873
Politician; MP for Tralee and Northampton
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir James MacDonald, 2nd Bt

Sir James MacDonald, 2nd Bt

1784-1832
Politician; MP for Calne
Sitter associated with 2 portraits
Sir James Mackintosh

Sir James Mackintosh

1765-1832
Philosopher
Sitter in 9 portraits
Roderick Macleod

Roderick Macleod

1768-1853
Politician; MP for Sutherland
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Nugent Macnamara

William Nugent Macnamara

circa 1776-1856
Irish Politician; MP for County Clare
Sitter in 1 portrait
David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield

David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield

1727-1796
Diplomat and statesman
Sitter in 19 portraits
Arthur Maynwaring

Arthur Maynwaring

1668-1712
Journalilst, author and politician; MP for Preston and West Looe
Sitter in 7 portraits
Elizabeth Lamb (née Milbanke), Viscountess Melbourne

Elizabeth Lamb (née Milbanke), Viscountess Melbourne

baptised 1751-1818
Political hostess and agricultural improver
Sitter in 6 portraits
Sir William Meredith, 3rd Bt

Sir William Meredith, 3rd Bt

baptised 1724-1790
Politician; Comptroller of the Household
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir William Mordaunt Milner, 3rd Bt

Sir William Mordaunt Milner, 3rd Bt

1754-1811
Mayor of York and politician; MP for York
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Oswald Mosley, 2nd Bt

Sir Oswald Mosley, 2nd Bt

1785-1871
Writer and politician; MP for Portarlington, Winchelsea, Midhurst and North Staffordshire
Sitter in 1 portrait
Charles Evelyn Pierrepont, Viscount Newark

Charles Evelyn Pierrepont, Viscount Newark

1805-1850
Poet and politician: MP for East Retford
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir John Newport, 1st Bt

Sir John Newport, 1st Bt

1756-1843
Irish Whig politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sitter associated with 4 portraits
Sir Gerald Noel, 2nd Bt

Sir Gerald Noel, 2nd Bt

1759-1838
Politician; MP for Maidstone and Rutland
Sitter in 1 portrait
Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk

Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk

1746-1815
Politician; MP for Carlise and Arundel
Sitter associated with 55 portraits
Dudley Long North

Dudley Long North

1748-1829
Politician; MP for St Germans, Great Grimsby, Banbury Richmond and Haddington Burghs
Sitter in 2 portraits
George Onslow, 1st Earl of Onslow

George Onslow, 1st Earl of Onslow

1731-1814
Politician; MP for Surrey
Sitter in 3 portraits
Frederick Paget

Frederick Paget

1807-1866
Soldier and politician; MP for Beaumaris
Sitter in 1 portrait
Samuel Parr

Samuel Parr

1747-1825
Pedagogue and Whig pamphleteer
Sitter in 18 portraits
Henry Pelham

Henry Pelham

1695?-1754
Prime Minister
Sitter in 6 portraits
Louis Hayes Petit

Louis Hayes Petit

1774-1849
Barrister and politician; MP for Ripon
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir George Philips, 1st Bt

Sir George Philips, 1st Bt

1766-1847
Politician; MP for Wootton Bassett and Warwickshire South
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Philpotts

John Philpotts

1775-1849
Mayor of Gloucester and Whig politician; MP for Gloucester
Sitter in 1 portrait
William Pinney

William Pinney

1806-1898
Politician; MP for Lyme Regis
Sitter in 2 portraits
Philip Pleydell-Bouverie

Philip Pleydell-Bouverie

1788-1872
Banker and politician; MP for Cockermouth, Downton and Berkshire
Sitter associated with 1 portrait
William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland

William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland

1738-1809
Prime Minister
Sitter associated with 32 portraits
William Stephen Poyntz

William Stephen Poyntz

circa 1769-1840
Politician; MP for St Albans, Chichester and Ashburton
Sitter in 1 portrait
John Charles Ramsden

John Charles Ramsden

1788-1836
Politician; MP for Malton and Yorkshire
Sitter in 1 portrait
Richard Rigby

Richard Rigby

1722-1788
Politician; MP for several constituencies
Sitter in 1 portrait
Cuthbert Rippon

Cuthbert Rippon

1797-1867
Politician; MP for Gateshead
Sitter in 1 portrait
George Richard Robinson

George Richard Robinson

1781-1850
Politician; MP for Worcester
Sitter in 1 portrait
Sir Samuel Romilly

Sir Samuel Romilly

1757-1818
Solicitor-General and law reformer
Sitter in 8 portraits
Henry Robert Westenra, 3rd Baron Rossmore

Henry Robert Westenra, 3rd Baron Rossmore

1792-1860
Politician; MP for Monaghan
Sitter in 1 portrait
Lord Charles James Fox Russell

Lord Charles James Fox Russell

1807-1894
Soldier and politician; MP for Bedfordshire
Sitter in 4 portraits
William Congreve Russell

William Congreve Russell

1778-1850
Politician; MP for Worcestershire East
Sitter in 1 portrait

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