John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury(1834-1913), Banker, scientist, writer and politician; MP for Maidstone and London University
Sitter in 24 portraits
Born into an established banking family, he served as its head from 1865 until his death. He also had a lifelong enthusiasm for natural history, receiving informal instruction from Charles Darwin, a friend and neighbour. Lubbock became a leading scientific writer, furthering Darwin's theory of natural selection in publications including Pre-Historic Times as Illustrated by Ancient Remains and The Origins & Metamorphosis of Insects and British Wild Flowers. Elected Liberal MP for Maidstone, he became famous for the Bank Holiday Bill of 1871, creating four new national holidays in addition to Christmas Day and Good Friday. Equally significant was his statutory protection of ancient monuments.
by Sir Leslie Ward
chromolithograph, published in Vanity Fair 23 February 1878
- Alice Augusta Laurentia Lane (née Fox-Pitt-Rivers), Lady Avebury (wife)
- John Lubbock, 3rd Baron Avebury (grandson)
- Ursula Grant Duff (née Lubbock) (daughter)
- Harold Fox Pitt Lubbock (son)
- Irene Pelham (née Lubbock) (daughter)
Watch our playlist exploring scientific techniques used by the Gallery to unlock the secrets behind our Tudor portraits.
Subjects and themes
Search the collection by themes - from pets to weddings!
Black History Month
Take a tour exploring our Collection created by Alayo Akinkugbe for Black History Month in 2020.
A Picture of Health
Learn about pioneers in medicine, health and social reform from 1840 to 1920.