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John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury

(1834-1913), Banker, scientist, writer and politician; MP for Maidstone and London University

Sitter in 24 portraits
Born into an established banking family, he served as its head from 1865 until his death. He also had a lifelong enthusiasm for natural history, receiving informal instruction from Charles Darwin, a friend and neighbour. Lubbock became a leading scientific writer, furthering Darwin's theory of natural selection in publications including Pre-Historic Times as Illustrated by Ancient Remains and The Origins & Metamorphosis of Insects and British Wild Flowers. Elected Liberal MP for Maidstone, he became famous for the Bank Holiday Bill of 1871, creating four new national holidays in addition to Christmas Day and Good Friday. Equally significant was his statutory protection of ancient monuments.

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