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Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban

(1561-1626), Philosopher and Lord Chancellor

Sitter associated with 63 portraits
A lawyer, philosopher, essayist and scientist, Bacon was one of the great intellectual figures of Jacobean England. He was appointed Lord Chancellor in 1618, but was impeached for bribery three years later and confessed to 'corruption' and 'neglect', ending his political career. He spent the rest of his life in retirement, to devote himself to scientific research, which has led him to be regarded as the father of experimental science in this country. He published Essays (1597), Advancement of Learning (1605), Novum Organum (1620) and many other works.

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Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban

by Wenceslaus Hollar
etching, 1670
NPG D19734

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Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban

by George Vertue, after Paul van Somer
line engraving, 1728
NPG D20251

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Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton
line engraving, published 1738
NPG D42898

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