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Louis Botha

(1862-1919), General and South African statesman

Sitter in 7 portraits
Born in the area of Kwa-Zulu Natal in South Africa, Botha was a farmer in the Orange Free State. In 1884 Botha served on a commando to restore Dinizulu as Zulu King, winning an election to the parliament in 1896. During the Boer War he took over command of the Boer forces, becoming Commandant-general. Following a treaty that ended the war he sought to reconcile British and Boer in a new united nation. He became leader of the new party Het Volk ('the nation'), gaining victory in the general election of 1907, making him Prime Minister of the Transvaal. When South Africa obtained dominion status in 1910, Botha became the first Prime Minister of this new united country, holding office until his death.

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