Thomas Carlyle(1795-1881), Historian and essayist
Sitter associated with 82 portraits
Known as the 'Sage of Chelsea', Carlyle was one of the great intellects of the 19th century whose works of history and philosophy exercised a profound influence on the thought and temper of the age. His corrosive criticism and uncertain temper became legendary. A recognised literary leader from 1837, he eulogized heroes and strong governments, mistrusted technological progress and analysed brilliantly the sufferings of the common people. Carlyle advocated the foundation of the National Portrait Gallery.