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Henry Compton

(1632-1713), Bishop of London

Later Stuart Portraits Catalogue Entry

Sitter associated with 14 portraits
Made Bishop of Oxford in 1674 and Bishop of London a year later. He was intensely opposed to Roman Catholicism, compounded by a long-lasting feud with the Catholic King James II. In 1686, after a dispute with James, he was suspended from office. Compton played an active part in the revolution of 1688 that deposed James, even bearing arms at one point. He was the only clergyman amongst the seven nobles who signed the invitation to William, Prince of Orange to intervene militarily in England. A strong supporter of William and his consort Mary in the ensuing constitutional struggle, he performed the ceremony of their coronation, and his position as Bishop of London was restored to him.

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