John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon(1751-1838), Lord Chancellor
Sitter in 93 portraits
A prominent political figure, John Scott was considered the greatest lawyer of his time. He developed trademark law by issuing numerous injunctions against merchants who sold goods bearing the name of other traders and also consolidated equity into a working body of legal principles. Scott was called to the Bar in 1776 and entered the House of Commons in 1783. As Attorney General from 1793 to 1799 he conducted the notorious prosecutions for high treason against political dissenters and sympathisers with French republicanism. In 1799 he became Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas and was created Baron Eldon. He was Lord Chancellor from 1801 to 1827, under five different Prime Ministers.