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Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

(1591-1646), Parliamentary general

Sitter associated with 44 portraits
Essex's father, the 2nd Earl, had been a favourite of Elizabeth I, but was executed for treason in 1601. The family honours were restored to the 3rd Earl in 1604. In the years leading up to the Civil War Essex consistently opposed Charles I's policies, and he became General of the Parliamentary army in 1642. His lack of success prompted the formation of the New Model Army.

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Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Unknown artist - NPG L115

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1620
NPG L115

King Charles I and Oliver Cromwell, after Unknown artist - NPG D26365

King Charles I and Oliver Cromwell

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D26365

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), published by  Compton Holland - NPG D19921

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), published by Compton Holland
engraving, circa 1600-1625
NPG D19921

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Unknown artist - NPG D21320

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1620s
NPG D21320

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Unknown artist - NPG D21321

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1620s
NPG D21321

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Unknown artist - NPG D27081

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D27081

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, published by Sir Robert Peake - NPG D21322

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

published by Sir Robert Peake
etching, early 1640s
NPG D21322

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Unknown artist - NPG D21337

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1640s
NPG D21337

Charles I and his Opponents, by Unknown artist - NPG D8541

Charles I and his Opponents

by Unknown artist
line engraving, probably 1640s
NPG D8541

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by George Glover, published by  Peter Stent - NPG D27089

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by George Glover, published by Peter Stent
line engraving, circa 1642
NPG D27089

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, probably by William Faithorne, after  Unknown artist - NPG D21329

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

probably by William Faithorne, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1643
NPG D21329

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, possibly by William Faithorne - NPG D27085

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

possibly by William Faithorne
line engraving, 1643
NPG D27085

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Unknown artist - NPG D1308

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Unknown artist
line engraving and etching, 1643
NPG D1308

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Wenceslaus Hollar - NPG D2314

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Wenceslaus Hollar
etching, (published 1644)
NPG D2314

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by William Marshall, after  Unknown artist - NPG D21330

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by William Marshall, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1646
NPG D21330

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, probably by George Glover, published by  Peter Stent, after  Unknown artist - NPG D21327

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

probably by George Glover, published by Peter Stent, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1646
NPG D21327

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by William Faithorne, published by  Peter Stent, after  William Dobson - NPG D22905

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by William Faithorne, published by Peter Stent, after William Dobson
line engraving, published 1653-1663
NPG D22905

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by William Faithorne, published by  Peter Stent, after  Unknown artist - NPG D22726

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by William Faithorne, published by Peter Stent, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1662
NPG D22726

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by William Faithorne, after  Unknown artist - NPG D22727

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by William Faithorne, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1673?
NPG D22727

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Unknown artist - NPG D27087

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D27087

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Unknown artist - NPG D27088

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D27088

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Unknown artist - NPG D21334

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1713
NPG D21334

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Sir Anthony van Dyck - NPG D27090

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Sir Anthony van Dyck
line engraving, 1713
NPG D27090

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by James Hulett - NPG D21335

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by James Hulett
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D21335

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by James Hulett - NPG D27084

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by James Hulett
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D27084

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Joseph Collyer the Younger - NPG D27082

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Joseph Collyer the Younger
line engraving, late 18th to early 19th century
NPG D27082

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Unknown artist - NPG D27083

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
stipple and etching, late 18th to early 19th century
NPG D27083

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Wenceslaus Hollar, published by  William Richardson - NPG D27086

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Wenceslaus Hollar, published by William Richardson
etching, published 1799
NPG D27086

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Thomas Wright - NPG D25804

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Thomas Wright
stipple and line engraving, probably 19th century
NPG D25804

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Innocenzo Geremia - NPG D27091

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Innocenzo Geremia
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D27091

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Richard Sawyer, after  Unknown artist - NPG D21332

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Richard Sawyer, after Unknown artist
etching, circa 1820s
NPG D21332

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Edward Scriven - NPG D25802

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Edward Scriven
stipple engraving, published 1824
NPG D25802

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Edward Scriven, published by  Harding, Triphook & Lepard, after  William Derby, after  Robert Walker - NPG D36568

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Edward Scriven, published by Harding, Triphook & Lepard, after William Derby, after Robert Walker
stipple engraving, published 1 July 1824
NPG D36568

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Edward Scriven, after  William Derby, after  Robert Walker - NPG D36569

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Edward Scriven, after William Derby, after Robert Walker
stipple engraving, published 1 July 1824
NPG D36569

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Thomas Anthony Dean, published by  Harding & Lepard, after  Robert Walker - NPG D9045

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Thomas Anthony Dean, published by Harding & Lepard, after Robert Walker
stipple engraving, published 1 June 1827
NPG D9045

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Henry Thomas Ryall, after  Robert Walker - NPG D9044

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Henry Thomas Ryall, after Robert Walker
stipple engraving, mid 19th century
NPG D9044

Web image not currently available

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1640s
NPG D21336

Web image not currently available

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

probably by William Faithorne, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1643
NPG D21328

Web image not currently available

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Richard Sawyer, after Unknown artist
etching, circa 1820s
NPG D21331

Web image not currently available

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Richard Sawyer, after Unknown artist
etching, circa 1820s
NPG D21333

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Laurie Pettitt

22 March 2017, 20:50

Essex and Manchester, afraid of winning... Afraid of losing. They hoped to bring Charles I to an agreement. They didn't want to damage him, but they didn't want him to win because their heads would roll. So, they kept on fighting but not too hard. Given a chance, the Civil War would still be in progress today. Men were dying, but they were 'play fighting'.

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