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Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

(1769-1822), Statesman

Regency Portraits Catalogue Entry

Sitter associated with 45 portraits
Known as 'Lord Castlereagh', Stewart entered Parliament in 1795. He made his mark under Pitt as Chief Secretary for Ireland (1798-1801), crushing the 1798 Rebellion and overseeing the Act of Union (1801), which integrated Ireland and England and abolished the Irish Parliament. Whist Foreign Secretary (1812-22) he was responsible for uniting the powers that overthrew Napoleon, and became the chief architect of the Treaty of Vienna, (1815) playing a key role in redrawing the boundaries of Europe, and promoting diplomacy by conference, whilst maintaining British prestige as a world power. Sensitive and melancholy, Castlereagh had a mental breakdown and committed suicide whilst in office in 1822.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below  

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