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John Baker Holroyd, 1st Earl of Sheffield

(1735-1821), Statesman

Mid-Georgian Portraits Catalogue Entry

Sitter associated with 7 portraits
Having served in the Army, Holroyd entered the House of Commons in 1780, where he was prominent against Lord George Gordon and the rioters. Holroyd was an authority on farming, and was appointed President of the Board of Agriculture in 1803. He is chiefly remembered as the friend and literary executor of Edward Gibbon (author of The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), whose Memoirs and other works he edited and published. In 1781, Holroyd was created a Peer of Ireland as Baron Sheffield; in 1802 he also became a Peer of the United Kingdom, again as Baron Sheffield. In 1816, he was created Viscount Pevensey and Earl of Sheffield in the Peerage of Ireland.

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