Antoine Claudet(1797-1867), Photographer and inventor
Artist associated with 43 portraits
Born in Lyons in 1798, Claudet moved to London in 1827 where he became a glass merchant in a Holborn-based firm. He learned photography from Louis Daguerre in the late 1830s, and then established his first daguerreotype studio in London in 1841 behind St Martin-in the-Fields church, London (opposite the National Portrait Gallery). Claudet received honours from both Queen Victoria and Napoleon III for his skills as a photographer. However, he is best known for his chemical experiments, by which he was able to speed up the image-making process, and for his experiments with photographic instruments. He died in London in 1867. The National Portrait Gallery holds more than 20 of his photographs.