Ahmed Muhammad 'Urabi (Arabi)(1841-1911), Egyptian nationalist
Sitter in 1 portrait
Egyptian nationalist and officer of the Egyptian Army, Ahmed Arabi was the first political officer and leader from the fellahin/i> peasant class. Born in a small village north of Cairo, Arabi was the son of a wealthy village leader, affording him a good education. He joined the army and climbed up the ranks swiftly. During the reign of Khedive Tawfiq he was appointed a Colonel, aged 20. His political career began when he opposed new laws which limited military service to four years, making it almost impossible for Egyptians from lower classes to achieve high ranks in the army. Found guilty of rebellion, he spent 19 years in exile. Pardoned by Khedive Abbas II, he returned to Egypt where he wrote his memoirs.