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Anne Louise Germaine (née Necker), Madame de Staël-Hollstein

(1766-1817), Novelist

Sitter in 4 portraits
French writer, born in Paris, the only child of the financier and statesman, Jacques Necker. Her salon became an important centre of political discussion in the late 1780s but with the Revolution and her father's fall she felt compelled to leave Paris in 1792. During her exile she spent time in England with other French emigres such as the politician Charles-Maurice Talleyrand. She returned to France sporadically but in 1810 was ordered to leave permanently after the publication of her most famous work De l'Allemagne on German romanticism. All copies of it in Paris were seized and destroyed but it was printed in London and made her a celebrity. She was finally allowed to return to Paris in 1816.

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