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Michael X

(1933-1975), Black activist

Michael X (Michael DeFreitas; Michael Abdul Malik)

Sitter in 2 portraits
Black activist. Michael de Freitas was born in Trinidad, the son of a Portuguese shopkeeper and a Barbardian-born mother. In the 1960s as Michael X, he was the founder of the Black Power Movement in the UK, fighting for the rights of black people, with support from celebrities including John Lennon and Yoko Ono. Brought up as a Roman Catholic, he changed his name to Michael Abdul Malik when he converted to Islam. Despite his ignominous end Michael X played an important part in racial politics in Britain throughout the 1960s.

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Jabir Herbert Muhammad; Muhammad Ali; Michael X, by Graham Keen - NPG x199759

Jabir Herbert Muhammad; Muhammad Ali; Michael X

by Graham Keen
modern bromide print from original negative, 13 May 1966
NPG x199759

Michael X, by Horace Ové - NPG x126731

Michael X

by Horace Ové
giclée colour print, 1966
NPG x126731

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