William Booth(1829-1912), Founder of the Salvation Army
Sitter in 39 portraits
Booth was apprenticed at thirteen to a Nottingham pawnbroker. Having converted to Methodism, he joined a group of revivalists who conducted religious services in the streets of the city. In 1849 he moved to London. He devoted his leisure to religion and became a lay preacher. Here, he met and married the like-minded Catherine Mumford. In 1865 he and his wife started the Christian Revival Society, later the Christian Mission, in the East End of London. They held evening and Sunday meetings to offer repentance, salvation and Christian ethics to the poorest and most needy. In 1878 the organisation was reorganised as the Salvation Army, with military titles and uniforms and its own flag and music. Central to the Salvation Army’s approach was the belief that evangelical work among the poor must be accompanied by well-organised social relief work. In 1890, Booth published In Darkest England and the Way Out (1890), which set out a number of these social schemes.
by Unknown photographer
postcard print, 1905
- Bernard B. Booth (grandson)
- (William) Bramwell Booth (son)
- Dora Booth (granddaughter)
- Evangeline Cory Booth (daughter)
- Mary Booth Booth (granddaughter)
- Olive Emma Booth (granddaughter)
- Lucy Milward Booth-Helberg (née Booth) (daughter)
- Emma Moss Booth-Tucker (née Booth) (daughter)
- Catherine Bramwell-Booth (granddaughter)
Watch our playlist exploring scientific techniques used by the Gallery to unlock the secrets behind our Tudor portraits.
Subjects and themes
Search the collection by themes - from pets to weddings!
Black History Month
Take a tour exploring our Collection created by Alayo Akinkugbe for Black History Month in 2020.
A Picture of Health
Learn about pioneers in medicine, health and social reform from 1840 to 1920.