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William Buckland

(1784-1856), Geologist

Early Victorian Portraits Catalogue Entry

Sitter associated with 9 portraits
Buckland's interest in natural history was aroused as a boy exploring the quarries and woods of his native Devon. He was elected a fellow of Oxford University in 1808 and was ordained a priest, continuing to pursue his interest in minerals and geology. Appointed Reader in Mineralogy in 1813 and in Geology in 1818 at Oxford, his lectures were the most popular in the university. He was initially a proponent of flood geology, a creationist theory that assumed the literal truth of the story of Noah's Ark. A global flood and its aftermath were seen as the origin of most of the Earth's geological features. However, he abandoned this belief in his highly influential work, the Bridgewater Treatise (1836).

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William Buckland, by Elkington & Co, after  Henry Weekes - NPG 255

William Buckland

by Elkington & Co, after Henry Weekes
electrotype of bust, 1869, based on a work of 1858
NPG 255

Possibly William Buckland, after Unknown artist - NPG D900

Possibly William Buckland

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 19th century
NPG D900

William Buckland, by George Rowe, printed by  Charles Joseph Hullmandel - NPG D7669

William Buckland

by George Rowe, printed by Charles Joseph Hullmandel
lithograph, 1823
NPG D7669

William Buckland, by Samuel Cousins, after  Thomas Phillips - NPG D32312

William Buckland

by Samuel Cousins, after Thomas Phillips
mezzotint, published 1833 (1832)
NPG D32312

William Buckland, by Thomas Herbert Maguire - NPG D32310

William Buckland

by Thomas Herbert Maguire
lithograph, 1849
NPG D32310

William Buckland, by Thomas Herbert Maguire - NPG D32311

William Buckland

by Thomas Herbert Maguire
lithograph, 1849
NPG D32311

William Buckland, after a daguerreotype by Antoine Claudet - NPG D1134

William Buckland

after a daguerreotype by Antoine Claudet
engraving, probably 1850s
NPG D1134



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