Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick(1768-1821), Queen of George IV
Sitter in 101 portraits
Married George, Prince of Wales in 1795 but he was already secretly married to Mrs Fitzherbert. He abandoned her after the birth of their daughter Princess Charlotte. Caroline repaid her husband by leading a life of bawdy behaviour, travelling to Tunis and Constantinople. Following her husband's accession as King George IV, she claimed her rights as Queen in 1820. A Cabinet including Lords Liverpool, Sidmouth, and Castlereagh immediately launched Parliamentary proceedings against her for adultery. In July 1821 she was refused entry to George IV's coronation and died a fortnight later of shock. Her body was shipped back to Brunswick, her birthplace.
Explore the portrait of Caroline of Brunswick (NPG D48191) from all angles
by Henry Hering
albumen carte-de-visite photomontage, 1862
by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 30 June 1796
- Princess Augusta Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttell (mother)
- Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales (daughter)
- King George IV (husband)
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