James Cook(1728-1779), Circumnavigator
Sitter associated with 15 portraits
The son of a Yorkshire labourer, Captain Cook honed his navigation skills on small trading boats sailing from Whitby. Described as 'a good mathematician and very expert in his business', he was chosen to command the Royal Navy ship the Endeavour in 1768, despite being a lower-ranking officer. This was the first of three important voyages of discovery to the Pacific - charting land, sea and stars. He is most famous for charting the coasts of New Zealand, the Pacific coast of North America and the east coast of Australia, where he was the first British captain to land. On his third voyage to the Pacific, from 1776 to 1779, he was killed in an attack by Hawaiian natives who had previously worshipped him as a god.
by James Barry
etching, published 1792 (1 May 1791)
- Blue plaque, 88 Mile End Road, Mile End, London E1 4UN
- Captain Cook Birthplace Museum, Middlesbrough, Teeside
- Captain Cook Memorial Museum, Whitby, North Yorkshire
- Captain Cook School Room Museum, Great Ayton, North Yorkshire
- Captain Cook Society
- Cuming Museum, London
- Eton College Natural History Museum, Windsor
- James Cook in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- The Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, Oxfordshire
- Whitby Museum, Whitby, North Yorkshire
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