Sir Arthur Eddington(1882-1944), Astronomer
Sitter in 31 portraits
The British astronomer, physicist and mathematician, Sir Arthur Eddington, was chief assistant at the Royal Observatory at Greenwich from 1906 until 1913. The loss of so many distinguished young scientists in the early years of the First World War caused the Government to 'protect its potential national treasures' and Eddington, a Quaker, was not conscripted. The Government's faith was fully justified by the important part Eddington played in the analysis of the Solar Eclipse in 1919. His findings helped to provide the proof of Einstein's Theories of Relativity and he did much to make theoretical physics comprehensible to the general public in a number of important books. His greatest contributions were in the field of astrophysics; the ‘Eddington limit’, the natural limit to the luminosity of stars, is named in his honour.