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Sir John Gladstone

(1764-1851), Merchant, philanthropist and Conservative politician; MP for Lancaster, Woodstock and Berwick

Regency Portraits Catalogue Entry

Sitter in 3 portraits
John Gladstone was born in Leith, the eldest son of 16 children. He made his fortune trading in American corn and tobacco before moving to Liverpool where he invested in shipping insurance, ship owning and property. In 1803 he began trading in sugar and cotton in the West Indies, purchasing many plantations there, the largest being Vreedenhop Plantation in Demerara with 430 slaves. Despite the growing anti-slavery movement, he continued to invest in sugar estates in the Caribbean and defended the planters' interests. With the end of slavery, he received compensation and sold most of his West Indian estates, moving his investments into Bengal sugar. Although involved in politics, it was his son William Ewart Gladstone who was to make his mark, serving as British Prime Minister for 12 years.

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Sir John Gladstone, after David Octavius Hill, and  Robert Adamson - NPG Ax29540

Sir John Gladstone

after David Octavius Hill, and Robert Adamson
carbon print, 1843-1848; published 1928
NPG Ax29540

Sir John Gladstone, by Samuel William Reynolds Jr, printed by  Brooker & Harrison, published by  Paul and Dominic Colnaghi & Co, published by  Alexander Hill, after  William Bradley - NPG D34512

Sir John Gladstone

by Samuel William Reynolds Jr, printed by Brooker & Harrison, published by Paul and Dominic Colnaghi & Co, published by Alexander Hill, after William Bradley
mezzotint, published 26 February 1844
NPG D34512

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