Sir Henry Havelock, Bt(1795-1857), General
Sitter associated with 6 portraits
After joining the army in 1815, Havelock studied Hindustani and Persian at the Oriental Institute before traveling to India. He fought in the First Anglo-Burmese War (1823-6), the First Anglo-Afghan War (1839-42) and the First Anglo-Sikh War (1845-6) and the Anglo-Persian War (1856-7). The Indian Rebellion of 1857 (First War of Independence) was the most significant threat to Britain’s colonial power during its rule of the Indian subcontinent. It led to the end of the East India Company’s rule and for many, marked the start of the fight for Indian independence. Havelock was selected to support Sir Henry Lawrence at Lucknow and General Wheeler at Cawnpore. He reached Cawnpore a day after the rebels had massacred the men, women and children of the settlement and carried out strong reprisals. He then advanced for the relief of Lucknow three times but was twice held back by his troops being weak from battle and disease. When reinforcements arrived, he captured Lucknow however rebel forces attacked, and his troops were caught in the blockade. He died there of dysentery.
by Unknown artist
mezzotint, mid 19th century
- Hannah, Lady Havelock (wife)
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