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Sir Henry Havelock, Bt

(1795-1857), General

Early Victorian Portraits Catalogue Entry

Sitter associated with 6 portraits
After joining the army in 1815, Havelock studied Hindustani and Persian at the Oriental Institute before traveling to India. He fought in the First Anglo-Burmese War (1823-6), the First Anglo-Afghan War (1839-42) and the First Anglo-Sikh War (1845-6) and the Anglo-Persian War (1856-7). The Indian Rebellion of 1857 (First War of Independence) was the most significant threat to Britain’s colonial power during its rule of the Indian subcontinent. It led to the end of the East India Company’s rule and for many, marked the start of the fight for Indian independence. Havelock was selected to support Sir Henry Lawrence at Lucknow and General Wheeler at Cawnpore. He reached Cawnpore a day after the rebels had massacred the men, women and children of the settlement and carried out strong reprisals. He then advanced for the relief of Lucknow three times but was twice held back by his troops being weak from battle and disease. When reinforcements arrived, he captured Lucknow however rebel forces attacked, and his troops were caught in the blockade. He died there of dysentery.

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The Relief of Lucknow, 1857, by Thomas Jones Barker - NPG 5851

The Relief of Lucknow, 1857

by Thomas Jones Barker
oil on canvas, 1859
NPG 5851

Sir Henry Havelock, Bt, by Charles Baugniet, printed by  Lemercier, published by  Ernest Gambart & Co, published by  Paul and Dominic Colnaghi & Co - NPG D35602

Sir Henry Havelock, Bt

by Charles Baugniet, printed by Lemercier, published by Ernest Gambart & Co, published by Paul and Dominic Colnaghi & Co
lithograph, published 15 October 1857
NPG D35602

Sir Henry Havelock, Bt, by J. Sinclair, after  W. Crabbe - NPG D35603

Sir Henry Havelock, Bt

by J. Sinclair, after W. Crabbe
mezzotint, published 1858
NPG D35603

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