Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount Hill(1772-1842), General
Sitter in 25 portraits
Nicknamed both' farmer' and 'daddy' because of his ruddy, fair-haired, kindly countenance and generous nature, Hill was Wellington's most reliable subordinate officer and one of the leading generals under Wellington in the Peninsula, commanding the right wing at the Battle of Vittoria, 1813. He fought at Waterloo, 1815, where his brigade engaged the Imperial Guard at close quarters, his horse being killed under him. Unlike many others, he could be trusted with a key role on the battlefield or with a substantial independent command. Wellington said of him 'the best of Hill is that I always know where to find him'. He was Commander-in-Chief 1828-42, taking over from his old chief, and then replaced by him.
by, published by and after Anker Smith, by Thomas Heaphy, published by Rudolph Ackermann
line and stipple engraving, published 8 August 1822
by William Heath, published by Thomas McLean
hand-coloured etching, published circa February 1828
by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Ducôte & Stephens, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 1 December 1834
by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Alfred Ducôte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 21 July 1838
Watch our playlist exploring scientific techniques used by the Gallery to unlock the secrets behind our Tudor portraits.
Subjects and themes
Search the collection by themes - from pets to weddings!
Black History Month
Take a tour exploring our Collection created by Alayo Akinkugbe for Black History Month in 2020.
A Picture of Health
Learn about pioneers in medicine, health and social reform from 1840 to 1920.