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Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

(1688-1766), Known as 'The Old Pretender'; son of James II

Early Georgian Portraits Catalogue Entry

Sitter associated with 61 portraits
The only son of James II and Mary of Modena, he was raised in exile in France after his father was deposed in 1688 in favour of the Protestant William of Orange. Known as the 'Old Pretender', he became the focus of Jacobite resistance and mounted several unsuccessful campaigns to reclaim the throne in 1706, 1708 and finally in 1715 when he landed at Peterhead in Scotland. He married the Polish Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska in 1719 and spent much of the remainder of his life in exile in Rome.

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Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, studio of Alexis Simon Belle - NPG 348

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

studio of Alexis Simon Belle
oil on canvas, circa 1712
On display in Room 11 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 348

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, after Alexis Simon Belle - NPG 273

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

after Alexis Simon Belle
oil on copper, 1712, based on a work of circa 1712
NPG 273

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by and published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D32651

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D32651

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D32652

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D32652

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by and published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D32653

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D32653

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by and published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D30809

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D30809

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by and published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D34714

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D34714

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D10697

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D10697

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by Pieter Schenck, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D7935

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Pieter Schenck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, (1688)
NPG D7935

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by and published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D11540

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
NPG D11540

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Mary of Modena, published by John Smith, after  Unknown artist - NPG D32756

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart; Mary of Modena

published by John Smith, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, early 1690s?
NPG D32756

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, by Gaspar Bouttats, after  Unknown artist - NPG D34719

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by Gaspar Bouttats, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1690s
NPG D34719

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Lloyd Meadows

26 August 2015, 16:41

"spent much of the remainder of his life in exile in Rome, where he drank himself to death."

He did spend much of the rest of his life in Rome but he was not an alcoholic and never "drank himself to death".

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