Oskar Kokoschka(1886-1980), Artist and writer
Sitter in 5 portraits
Artist of 2 portraits
Oskar Kokoschka is widely regarded as one of the leading Expressionist painters of the 20th century. He trained at the Vienna School of Artsand Crafts (1905-9). In 1909 he wrote and designed the first Expressionist play Murderer, Hope of Women, which caused a public scandal. He was severely wounded in the First War, but recovered and taught at Dresden Academy (1919-23). In the 1930s Kokoschka's paintings were classed as 'degenerate' by the Nazi regime. After leaving Austria, he settled in Britain, gaining British citizenship in 1947. Characterised by an emotive use of colour and line, his portraits focus on the inner life of the sitter.