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Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

(1780-1863), Whig politician; Home Secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord President of the Council; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery

Early Victorian Portraits Catalogue Entry

Sitter associated with 77 portraits
A Whig politician who won universal popularity for his charm and moderation, Petty-Fitzmaurice entered Parliament in 1802. His first office, aged twenty-five, was as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the coalition 'Ministry of All the Talents'. On nearly doubling property tax, he gained a reputation for high moral principles and sympathy with the oppressed. During the Whigs' long years in opposition, he championed various causes; anti-slavery, Catholic emancipation and law reform. In 1826-8 he led a faction of 'Canningite' Tories and served as Home Secretary, resisting electoral reform.

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'End of the Irish farce of Catholic Emancipation', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13110

'End of the Irish farce of Catholic Emancipation'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 17 May 1805
NPG D13110

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, by Henry Bone, after  Henry Walton - NPG D17330

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

by Henry Bone, after Henry Walton
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, January 1806 (circa 1805)
NPG D17330

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