John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough(1650-1722), Soldier and statesman
Sitter associated with 86 portraits
Rising to become a confidential agent of James, Duke of York, once James became King in 1685, Churchill pursued a distinguished military career, playing a major role in crushing the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion in 1685. He later deserted James II in 1688, and was rewarded with an earldom by William III. Marlborough's influence at court reached its height with the accession of Queen Anne, when promoted to Commander-in Chief of the allied forces, he achieved huge victories against the French in the War of the Spanish Succession. However, the increasing unpopularity of the war and his arrogance contributed to his dismissal in 1711. He eventually regained favour with the accession of George I in 1714.
Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below
by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, feigned oval, based on a work of circa 1704
after Enoch Seeman
oil on canvas, circa 1720?
- Diana Russell (née Spencer), Duchess of Bedford (granddaughter)
- John Churchill, Marquess of Blandford (son)
- Elizabeth Egerton (née Churchill), Countess of Bridgewater (daughter)
- Arabella Godfrey (née Churchill) (sister)
- Sarah Churchill (née Jenyns (Jennings)), Duchess of Marlborough (wife)
- Henrietta ('Harriet') Godolphin (née Churchill), Duchess of Marlborough (daughter)
- Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough (grandson)
- Mary Montagu (née Churchill), Duchess of Montagu (daughter)
- Anne Spencer (née Churchill), Countess of Sunderland (daughter)
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