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Harriet Martineau

(1802-1876), Social philosopher and writer; sister of James Martineau

Early Victorian Portraits Catalogue Entry

Sitter in 8 portraits
Troubled by poverty and ill health in childhood, Martineau sent articles, stories and poems to magazines to earn money for her family. An anti-slavery campaigner, she travelled to America in 1834 but met hostility in the north and had to end her visit in 1835. She wrote Society in America (1837) to describe her experiences and How to Observe Morals and Manners (1838) to advise other travellers. One of few women to attempt a full-scale autobiography at this time, many contemporaries found her professional success unpalatable, prompting the writer Margaret Oliphant to describe the book as a 'terrible instrument of self-murder'. She was also ridiculed for her growing interest in mesmerism (hypnosis).

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Harriet Martineau, by Richard Evans - NPG 1085

Harriet Martineau

by Richard Evans
oil on canvas, exhibited 1834
On display in Room 21 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1085

Harriet Martineau, by Moses Bowness - NPG P511

Harriet Martineau

by Moses Bowness
albumen print, 1860s
NPG P511

Harriet Martineau, by Camille Silvy - NPG P33

Harriet Martineau

by Camille Silvy
albumen print, 1 March 1861
NPG P33

Harriet Martineau, by Moses Bowness - NPG x21222

Harriet Martineau

by Moses Bowness
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG x21222

Harriet Martineau, by Camille Silvy - NPG Ax51674

Harriet Martineau

by Camille Silvy
albumen print, 1 March 1861
NPG Ax51674

Harriet Martineau, after Daniel Maclise - NPG D34543

Harriet Martineau

after Daniel Maclise
pen and ink, (published 1833)
NPG D34543

Harriet Martineau, by Francis Holl, after  George Richmond - NPG D38300

Harriet Martineau

by Francis Holl, after George Richmond
stipple engraving, (1849)
NPG D38300

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