Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange(1631-1660), Daughter of Charles I; wife of William II of Orange-Nassau
Sitter associated with 49 portraits
The eldest daughter of Charles I and Henrietta Maria, Mary was distinguished as a young girl for her intelligence and beauty. She married William II of Orange when she was nine and he fifteen and went to the Netherlands three years later in 1644. When her husband became Stadholder in 1647 she shared in his public duties. After William's sudden death the Republicans gained control and for the rest of her life Mary struggled for the rights of her brother Charles (later Charles II) and her son William (later William III of England), born just a few days after his father's death. Mary died of smallpox when visiting her brother Charles to celebrate his Restoration.
studio of Gerrit van Honthorst
oil on canvas, 1650s
by Renier Persyn
line engraving, mid 17th century
after Sir Anthony van Dyck
mezzotint, (circa 1632)
by Renier Persyn, after Isac Isaacsz (Isacsen)
line engraving, 1640s
- Anne of Denmark (grandmother)
- Princess Anne (sister)
- King Charles I (father)
- King Charles II (brother)
- Princess Elizabeth (sister)
- Henrietta Anne, Duchess of Orleans (sister)
- Henry, Duke of Gloucester (brother)
- King James I of England and VI of Scotland (grandfather)
- King James II (brother)
- Henrietta Maria (mother)
- King William III (son)
- William II of Orange-Nassau (husband)
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