Constantine John Phipps, 2nd Baron Mulgrave(1744-1792), Naval commander
Sitter in 8 portraits
In 1759, Phipps went to sea with his uncle, Captain the Hon. Augustus Hervey and by 1765 had been made captain of the Terpsichore. He sailed to Newfoundland and Labrador with botanist Joseph Banks. In 1773, Phipps embarked on a voyage towards the North Pole. He had two ships, the Racehorse and the Carcass. One of the crew aboard Carcass was the young Nelson. During the voyage Phipps was the first European to describe the Polar Bear and the Ivory Gull, included in his A Voyage towards the North Pole Undertaken ... 1773 (1774). In 1775, he succeeded his father as Baron Mulgrave in the Irish peerage and was created Baron Mulgrave in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1790.