Ernest Rutherford, Baron Rutherford(1871-1937), Physicist
Sitter in 16 portraits
Physicist. Born near Nelson, New Zealand, he won an 1851 Scholarship to Cambridge, and made the first successful radio transmissions over two miles. Teaching at McGill University (1898-1907) he discovered that radioactive elements transform into other elements, publishing Radioactivity (1903), and winning the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1908. At Manchester (1907-19) he discovered the atomic nucleus and the artificial transformation of the elements. During the First World War he worked on submarine detection. As director of the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge (1919-37), Rutherford supervised experiments that led to the discovery of the neutron, by his colleague Chadwick, in 1932.
Watch our playlist exploring scientific techniques used by the Gallery to unlock the secrets behind our Tudor portraits.
Subjects and themes
Search the collection by themes - from pets to weddings!
Black History Month
Take a tour exploring our Collection created by Alayo Akinkugbe for Black History Month in 2020.
A Picture of Health
Learn about pioneers in medicine, health and social reform from 1840 to 1920.