William Smith(1769-1839), Geologist and engineer
Sitter in 5 portraits
A miner, Smith observed the rock layers at the pit and realised that they were arranged in a predictable pattern, and that the various strata could always be found in the same relative positions. He began to determine if the relationships between the strata were consistent throughout the country. In 1815 he published the first geological map of England. The various geological types were indicated by different colours; the maps were hand coloured. His maps were soon plagiarised, and he went into bankruptcy. He finally won recognition for his achievement in 1831 when the Geological Society of London awarded him the first Wollaston medal, the President referring to him as 'the Father of English Geology'.