King Stephen(circa 1092-1154), Reigned 1135-54
Sitter associated with 22 portraits
Stephen of Blois usurped the English throne in 1135 on the death of his uncle Henry I. Before his death, Henry had made his barons swear allegiance to his daughter Matilda as successor following the accidental drowning of both his legitimate male heirs. Stephen's coronation was met with little opposition as women were considered unfit to rule at that time. He was temporarily deposed in 1141 following an invasion led by Matilda and was re-crowned twice during his troubled reign.
More on King Stephen: Monarchs range in our Shops | Kings & Queens range in our Shops
by Henry Hering
albumen carte-de-visite photomontage, 1862
probably by William Faithorne, published by Sir Robert Peake
line engraving, circa 1640
after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1677
Watch our playlist exploring scientific techniques used by the Gallery to unlock the secrets behind our Tudor portraits.
Subjects and themes
Search the collection by themes - from pets to weddings!
Black History Month
Take a tour exploring our Collection created by Alayo Akinkugbe for Black History Month in 2020.
A Picture of Health
Learn about pioneers in medicine, health and social reform from 1840 to 1920.