William Charles Wentworth(1793-1872), Advocate of colonial self-government
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Known as 'the Australian patriot', William Wentworth was the chief founder of the system of colonial self-government. In 1824, Wentworth began to edit and publish a journal called the Australian, which became the scourge of the colonial administration. In its columns he championed the rights of the 'Emancipists' - the numerous and increasing group of freed prisoners - who were denied social recognition or political power. He also campaigned for Australia's right to full participation in the benefits and privileges of the British Constitution. He lobbied the House of Commons through agents such as Henry Bulwer Lytton and a local Parliament was finally conferred on Australia in 1842.