Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner(1902-1983), Art historian and architectural scholar
Sitter in 5 portraits
Architectural historian. Born in Leipzig, Pevsner lost his post at Göttingen University on Hitler's advent, and came to Britain in 1933. Pioneers of Modern Design (1936) and An Outline of European Architecture (1942) established his reputation and stimulated a popular interest in art and architecture. He taught at Birkbeck College, University of London (1942-69), and was Slade Professor of Fine Art at Cambridge (1949-55). He sat on the editorial board of the Architectural Review, was art editor of Penguin Books, and in 1955 gave the Reith lectures on the 'Englishness of English Art'. The Buildings of England (46 volumes, 1951-74) remains his monument.