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John Martyn

(1699-1768), Botanist

Sitter in 1 portrait
John Martyn was a botanist and author known for his translations of Virgil. During the 1720s Martyn worked as an apothecary, introducing the plants valerian and blackcurrants and the use of peppermint water into pharmaceutical practice. Martyn also lectured on botany, in which he was largely self-taught. The first edition of his Historia plantarum rariorum (1728) described and illustrated English plants. He was professor of botany at Cambridge University from 1732 to 1762. Georgicks, his first translation of Virgil, was published in 1741. His second translation of the Bucolicks was published in 1749.

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John Martyn, by Unknown artist - NPG 6143

John Martyn

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, 1720s or 1730s
NPG 6143

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